Be you not ashamed to show, he'll not shame to teil you what it means. Shak, H a ra 1, III, 2, 155.
Live a thousand years, I shall not find myself so fit to die. id, J u L Cses, iO, 1, 159.
IV. Periphrasis with let is also the ordinary substitute for the subjunctive in hortative sentences that are used in the function of the above-mentioned adverbial clauses. Thus Home is home, be it ever so homely may be replaced not only by Home is home, however homely it may be (is or be), but also by Home is home, let it be ever so homely. 13. a) In the apodosis of conditional sentences of rejected condition the inflectional conditional is regularly used of can, may, must and will, these verbs having no infinitive, and the forms could, might, must and would admitting, accordingly, of no periphrasis with an infinitive. Compare Sweet, N., E. G r., § 2282. In conditional sentences of rejected condition the protasis is often understood or represented by an infinitive clause or an adverbial adjunct.
i. Not all the King's horses, nor all the King's men I, Could have set Mr. Pecksniff up again. Dick., Chuz., Ch. XXXI, 2516.
ii. It is certain that at this time he continued poor; and itisequally certain that by cruelty and dishonesty he might easily have become rich. Mac, War. Hast, (5996).
lil. There was such a joyous sound in her merry laugh, that the sternest misanthrope must have smiled to hear it. Dick., Pickw, Ch. XVII.
If it were not for that, I must reaily have a more expensive governess, and m asters besides. G. Euot, Dan. D e r, I, I, Ch. III, 48. iv. I would dig in the fields, I would go out and be a servant — l would die for her. Thack, Pe n d, I, Ch. XXVII, 291.
b) Also ought and should, as in He ought to (or should) come, are primarily conditionals, although now mostly used to express actual, not conditional, obligation.
c) Thus also had in the phrases / had need, I had rathér (sooner, lief er or liever), I had as soon (lief or lieve), I had better (or best), and their variations as to person or number, is originally a conditional, although often used without any connection with an hypothesis. With these phrases with had compare the older forms with were, as in
You were best teil Antonio what you hear. Shak, M e r c h. of Ven., II, 8, 33.