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44

I gladly would go somewhere to essay | /ƒ I perchance a nightingale might hear. Wordsw, The Cuck. and the Night XI.

Nancy said she would go and see if, by any chance, an answer to her application might not have arrived. Temple Thurston, Traffic, III, Ch. III, 140.

The Subjunctive and Conditional in Adverbial Clauses.

32. o) In adverbial clauses of place the inflectional

subjunctive seems to be very rare.

a thousand thousand sighs to save, | Lay me, o, where | Sad true lover never find my grave | Toweepthere! Shak., Twelfth Night, II, 4, 65.

b) Also the periphrastic subjunctive in these clauses can hardly be instanced in the whole range of Modern English. Such a sentence as Where the tree shall fall, there it shall lie, cited by Onions (Adv. Eng. Synt., §48), is scarcely a case in point, where having the value of wherever and, accordingly, importing a concession.

33. a) In adverbial clauses of time describing an

action or state of the future the subjunctive is fairly common in literary English, especially after ere and, in a less degree, after against, before and until (or tilt), instances after the familiar when being comparatively rare. Compare Onions, Adv. Eng. Synt., § 47.

i. By some illusion see thou bring her here: | i'll charm his eyes against she do appear. Shak, M1 d, III, 2, 99.

ii. I pardon thee thy life before thou ask it id, M e r c h. of Ven, IV, 1, 361.

This night before the cock crow, thou shalt deny me thrice, Bible, Matth, XXVI, 34.

The tree will wither long before it fall. Byron, C h i I de Har, III, XXXII.

But in scarce longer time | Than at Caerleon the full-tided Usk, | Before he turn to fall seaward again, | Pauses [etc.]. Ten, Ger. and En, 117.

iii. The most forward bud | Is eaten by the canker ere it blow. Shak, Two Gent, I, 1, 45.

And all his prospects brightening to the last, | His heaven commences ere the world be past Goldsm, Des. Vil, 112. But ere it fall, that thundering balt | Must pause for my command. Byron, Mant, I, 1.

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