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Iv. When I leave my dear home... it will be never to come back,

unless he brings me back a lady. Dick, C o p, Ch. XXXI, 2246. v. The artist, of whatever kind, cannot produce a truthfui work without

he understands the iaws of the phenomena he represents. Spencer,

Education, Ch. I, 336. 6) Thus especially 1) when the speaker only wishes to express

his ignorance whether the action or state is in accordance

with fact.

If the prisoner has committed the crime, he deserves death. Mason, Eng. Gram34, § 427. /ƒ he is at home, I shall see him. ib.

2) when the relation of condition is blended with one of time or quality. See also Ch. XVII, § 65, Obs. III of my Gram. of Late Mod. Eng.

i. Was it well done, sir, if you're upon the subject, to deliver what I entrusted to you yourself. Goldsmith, She StoopsIV, (218). (if approaches to now that.)

If there is a thunderstorm some way off, we see the iightning some time before we hear the thunder. Sweet, N. E. Gr, §2272. (//might be replaced by when.) ii. If the veneration for his grandfatber is characteristic of the Kaiser so no less is the friendship which ties him to his brother. W i n dsor Mag, No. 140, 350c. (if has approximately the value of in like manner as.)

If his desires are many, so his deserts are great. Thomas Lodoe, Rosalynde (Pref. to 'As you like it' in Clar. Press.).

3) in certain familiar expressions.

i. Tom will not enter a room where Philip is, if he knows it, G. Eliot, MUI, VI, Ch. I, 336.

ii. That old lady must be eighty, if she is a day. Dor. Gekard, The Eternal Woman, Ch VII.

iii. If there isn't Captain Donnithorne a-coming into the yard. G. Eliot, Adam Bede, 65 »).

III. a) Also will and would as tense-auxiliaries are occasionally met with. In late Modern English the practice seems to be due to extra-British influences.

Yes, here I tender't for him in the court, j Yea, thrice the sum: if that will not suffice, | I will be bound to pay it ten times o'er. Shak, Merc h. of Ven, IV, I, 203.

If it will please you I To show us so much gentry and good will | As to expend your time with us awhlle | For the supply and profit of our hope, | Your visitation shall receive such thanks | As fits a king's remembrance. id, H a m 1, II, 2, 21.

!) Jespersen, Negation, 27.