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48

You will find yourself disappointed in my will, 1 can teil you: and you will have the goodness to write to Mr. Waxy, and say that I desire to see him immediately. ib., 1, Ch. XXXIII, 356.

I expect obedicnce, I have done all a father can for a son. You will wed, sir, as I wish; you will espouse my politics. H. J. Byron, Our Boys, I. (The author has / printed in italic type.)

You will be kind enough to be quiet Abbot, Shak. Gram.8 § 320. An interesting instance of both shall and will being used in the pecuiiar applications referred to above is found in: He (sc. Mr. Foker) always makes a point of having some of the family porter served round after dinner, which you will on no account refuse, and which I shall drink myself, though all beer disagrees with me confoundedly. Thack., P e n d, I, Ch. XVII, 175.

BI. Shall seems to be mostly retained when in a direct quotation the third person is substituted for the first.

A year later Goldsmith is writing mysteriously to his friend Bob Bryanton, of Balleymuley, in Ireland, about "a Chinese whom he shall soon make talk like an Englishman". Dobson, Eighteenth Century Vignettes, 152J). In the preface Mr. Sadler excuses himself on the plea of haste. Two thirds of his book, he tells us, were written in a few months. If any terms have escaped him which can be construed into personal disrespect, he shall deeply regret that he had not more time to revise them. Macaulay*).

IV. "Down to the 18th century shall, the auxiliary appropriate to the first person, was sometimes used when a person spoke or wrote of himself in the third person. Compare the formula And your petitioner shall ever pray." Murray, s. v. shall, 8, e. See also Franz, Shak. Gram.2, § 612, Anm.

Far from this country Pindarus shall run, | Where never Roman shall take note of him. Shak., Jul. Caes, V, 3, 49.

Mr. Kemble presents his respectful compliments to the proprietors of the "Monthly Mirror", and shall have great pleasure at being at all able to aid him. Kemble, Let. in Pearson's Cat., 45.8)

V. In sentences stating the result of the fulfilment of a condition, literary English, in conformity with older practice, sometimes has shall where ordinary English now prefers will. See Murray, s. v. shall, 8, g.

Even in the Old Testament, if you listen to David's harp, you shall hear as many hearse-like airs as carols. Francis Bacon. (*). , An't please you to go up, sir, you shall find him with two cushions under hts head, and his cloak wrapt about him, as though he had neither won or lost. Ben Jonson, Every Man in his Humour.5). Examine the book-shelves, and you shall find the novelisfs favorite authors. Harper's Mag, 1882, Dec. 24/2 6).

') Kruisinga, Handbook-'.

2) Molloy, 1. c. Appendix.

3) Murray, s. v. shall, 8, e.

4) Molloy, 1. c, Ch. XI, 101. 3) Murray, s. v. shall, 8, g.

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