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ii.* Scarcely among the packed scoundrels of Newgate could men be found for such a work; and shall we believe it of men like these? J. A. Froude *).

** What should we do if Mr. Hoggins had been appointed Physician-in-ordinary to the Royal family? Mrs. Gaskell !).

The above quotations express an appeal to the opinion of the person(s) spoken to. They should be distinguished from such as imply an appeal to the will of the person(s) addressed. In the latter shall is not an auxiliary of tense, but a volitionexpressing verb.

i. Sir, there is a gentleman below desires to see you; shall I show him into the parlour? Sher., R i v, I, 2. (= Do you want me to show him into the , parlour?)

Come ladies, shall we sit down to cards in the next room? id. Schooi for Scand, 11, 2.

We were very comfortable at the table; shall we all sit down again? El. Glyn, R e fl e c t. o f A m b r o s, II, Ch. X.

What shall we do with the rest of the evening? Marie Corelli, The Sorrows of Satan, X, Ch. IV, 47.

36. Obs I. What shall I do! with strong-stressed shall expresses helplessness or perplexity. See Sweet, N. E. Gr, § 2202, a. God help me! Oh! God help me! What shall Ido? v/hatshall I do? Reade, Itis never too late to mend.I, Ch. III, 49. (The author has shall printed in italics.)

"What shall I do?" Nobody to turn to; no help from any hand. To stay was to give up the chance of happiness. Fr. Swinnerton, Nocturne, II, Ch. V, III, 113. (The author has shall printed in italics.) A similar note of despair is sometimes struck in sentences with strong-stressed to be. Thus in the following quotation, in which the writer has am printed in italic type:

What am I to do about it? Louis Goldino, How Pinto met Smith. (Westm. Gaz, No. 8679, 10a.) 11. Should is retained in direct questions addressed by the speaker to himself, which are reported in narrative style, so that the predicate is placed in the preterite tense, and the pronoun of the first person is replaced by that of the third person. Compare also 40. Where should he find Peggy? W.J. Locke, The Rough Road, Ch. XXI, 266. Should she pretend to feel faint and slip into the hotel? Galsw, Beyond, IV, Ch. II, 359.

She rang again. What should she do? Leave the letter? Not see him after all? ib, IV, Ch. VII, 39o.

Would he get up and strangle her? Should she dash tothe door —escape? ib, III, Ch. VIII, 294.

In the following quotations would implies volition. The speaker is represented as wavering between two steps and trying toascertain to which her inclination points.

Which would she give up? Which follow — her lover or herchild? Galsw, Beyond, III, Ch. XIII, 340.

i) Molloy, 1. c, Ch. VI, § 1, 50.

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