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104

ii.* Have you ever known what it is to be troubled in mind? Mrs. Ward, Rob. Els m., II, 215. T.

No, Sir, I do not know you, and I don't think we have ever met. Buchanan,

F a t h e r A n t h o n y, Ch. II. ** " Peggotty", says I suddenly, "were you ever married T Dick. , C o p., Ch. II, 8b.

Did you ever buy a sheet of letter-paper? ib, Ch. V, 35a.

I think it is one of the most deligbtful things that ever was written. El.

Olyn, R e f 1. of A m b r o s, II, Ch. XIII, 253. Til.* Pve never been able to have you a minute to myself. Miss Burney

E v e 1 i n a, LXIX, 337.

Has he never written you any poems? Thack, P e n d, I, Ch. XXIV, 256. He who has loved often has loveH never. Lytton, Pomp, I, Ch. II, 12a. You know we have it from her own lips... that she has never, first or last, breathed such a thing to him. Hardy, Under the Greenwood Tree, II, Ch. III, 96.

Violet and Mary have never heard a word from either of us. H. J. Byron, Our Boys, III, (69).

I have neyer written you any letters. Osc. Wilde, The Importance of being Earnest, II, 105.

I have never spoken better in my life. Shaw, Candida, III, (173). T. ** I never spoke to her in my life, and most probably never shail. Mrs. Craik, John Hal, Ch. XI, 115. I was never there. ib, Ch. XII, 121.

You never crossed our door-sill since we returned home. ib, Ch.XVI, 153. "Our governors are up in town, I'll swear". — "Mine never missed the show for forty years." H. J. Byron, Our Boys, III, (67). I never was the man to turn good money from his door. Moore, E s t h. Wat, Ch. XIII, 80,

He was never rich in this world's goods. Acad.

The relations between the Kaiser and the Tsar were never more cordial than they are at present. Rev. of Rev., No. 190, 338a.

Note a) Looking at the quotations with always one is tempted to snrmise that the perfect is in especiai favour with verbal, the preterite with nominal predicates. p) Ever, when used (archaically) in the sense of always, apparently causes the predicate to be placed in the preterite almost regularly.

i. My sight was ever thick. Shak, Jul. Caes, V, 3, 22.

1 was ever of opinion that the honest man who married and brought up a large family, did more service than he who continued single, and only talked of population. Goldsmith, V i c, Ch. I.

The Lynwoods were everthriftless. Marj. Bowen, The Rake's Progress, I, Ch. I, 2.

ii. Yet I have ever hoped you would amend. Shelley, The Cenci, I, 1, 55.

y) The following quotation clearly shows that the tense may be affected by ever.

But I think on the whole that no man ever impressed me quite so much as I have been impressed over and over again by Mr. Gladstone. McCarthy, (Daily News, 1898, 21 May).

106. a) The point of time denoted by just is understood to be so near the moment of speaking that it does not separate the

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