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118

The sun Aas set* a long time. Miss Mitford, Our Vil lage, Ch. VI, 55. Many of these words Aave long taken their place in the popular vocabulary.' Bradley, The Making of Eng., Ch. III, 101.

He's only left Oxford a few months. Osc. Wilde, Lady Windermere's Fan, I, (233).

"Weren't you here when he was speaking?" — "No — 1've not long come in." Mrs. Ward, The C o r y s t o n Family, I, Ch. I, 10. He Aas only arrived back from the war about a week. Em. Qlyn, R e f 1. ofAmbrosine, II, Ch. XI, 226.

That tea Aas been made half an hour at least. Flor. Barclay, The Rosary, Ch. IV, 22.

b) Conversely a durative predicate is sometimes blended with a momentaneous predicate. Thus such a sentence as The war has long since been over may be understood to be contracted from The war has long been over and The war came to a conclusion long since (or ago). Constructions of this kind are, however, distinctly uncommon,"being, apparently, confined to durative predicates modified by long since.

Beauties that have been long since in their graves. Addison, Speet, No. 260Their famous captain hath long since been dead. Besant, The World went very well then, Ch. I, 9.

The following is a doubtful instance:

The standards they apply to-day Aave been hopelessly impracticable fifteen years ago. Pa 11 Mali Mag, 1901, Jan.

Although in the following quotation the durative predicate is modified by long (not long since), the use of home instead of at home seems td imply that the speaker had also a momentaneous predicate, Did the others get home long ago, in his mind.

Have the others been home long? Mrs. Ward, Sir George Tres, 1, Ch I, 4b.

123. Obs. I. Predicates of the above mixed nature, apparently only such as are made up of the copula to be and a (participial) adjective, are not unfrequently placed in the present tense when modified by an adjunct of time containing ago or since, or suggesting either of these adverbs.

i. That large decayed oak... marks the boundaries over which Front-de-Bceuf claims authority — we are long since far from those of Malvoisin. Scott, I van hoe, Ch. VI, 60. T.

Our lots are shaped for us, and mine is ordained long ago. Thack, Pend., II, Ch. XVI, 175.

One of these, who afterwards rose to some distinction in America, and is long since dead, wrote a poem about the time when the Young Ireland movement was at its height. McCarthy, Hist. of our own Times,

II, 22. T.

"I think I'll go out and take a walk in the park." — "Nonsense, ifs shut long ago." Shaw, Candida, III, (171). T.

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