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a momentaneous predicate: The disagreement subsisting between yourself and my late honoured father always gave me much uneasiness, and since I have had the misfortune to lose him, I have frequently wished to heal the breach. Jane Austen, Pride and Prej, Ch. XIII, 65.

a perfect in the head-sentence, a present in the temporal clause: Since Tm married... I give you my honour /'venot/oucAerfabitofstamped paper. Thack., Van. Fai r, I, Ch. XXX, 318.

I suppose a woman is never in love with any one she has always known ever since she can remember. G. Eliot, M i d, I, 32. (Thus, apparently, regularly in predicates containing can.)

Ever since I can remember, the Irish have deafened the world by appeals to history. Academy, 1901, 2 Nov., 4136.

in the head-sentence a present, in the temporal clause <*) a preterite: Thy face is valanced since i saw thee last. Shak, Haml, II, 2,450. is Sir Hugh then worse since / went away, Will? Scott, Keniiw., Ch. XII, 140. •

Since Miss C. was took UI, she won't have nobody near her but Miss Sharp. Thack, Van. Fair, I, Ch. XIV, 138.

It is dull in our town since my playmates left. Browning, P i e d P i p e r. The ouse aint worth livin in since you left it Shaw, Candida, i, (130). T. a perfect: Georgy's house is not a very lively one since uncle Jos's annuity has been withdrawn. Thack, Van. Fair, II, Ch. XV, 152. Since he's been home, they say he's a regular Don Giovanni, by Jove. ib, i, Ch. xiii, 122.

Are you afraid of walking by yourself since you have been frightened by the conjuror? G. Eliot, Rom, I, Ch. X, 91.

a present in both the head-sentence and the temporal clause. Instances appear to be very rare. The following, cited by Fijn van Draat (The Conjunction Since, E.S, XXXII, 111), is the only one that has come to hand:

How often do I wish, since I am absent from you, that i was under the protection of Mrs. Mirvan. Miss Burney, Evelina, 339-.

Obs. I. The tense is naturally the present in the head-sentence which merely states the length of time that has elapsed since the event mentioned in the temporal clause. In the latter the predicate is mostly placed in the preterite sometimes in the perfect. It often undergoes a change of character.

It is ten hours since I had anything to eat. Thack, Pend, II, Ch. IX, 109. But since I heard him make reply | is many a weary hour. Ten, The Talking Oak, VII.

It is four years since you were here. Gissing, ALife's Morning, Ch. xv, 220. It's a long while since I have been at home. Jane Austen, Sense and Sens., 142. T.

It is some time since i have known that he is not in earnest. Thack, Newc. It is positively more than eight weeks since I have exchanged a word with any one. Beatr. Har, The Fowler, I, Ch. iv.

It is a long time since so many varied costumes have been seen. Times. Note a) The conjunction that often takes the place of since in these clauses.

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