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134

When you grow a little older,... you will know better than to believe all the gossip you hear. Mrs. Ward, The Case of Rich. Meyn, II, Ch VII, 151.

Time for him to take another look at Candida before she grows out of his knowledge. Shaw, Candida, I, (118). T.

142. In the case of the concluded action or state being expressed by the head-sentence, substitution of the simple for the perfect tenses is less common

a) Thus we mostly find the perfect tenses retained when the head-sentence contains a negative or negative-implying adverbial adjunct, such as no sooner, barely, hardly, scarcely. Indeed predicates modified by any of these adverbs mostly denote an activity culminating in a result.

1. He had not read half-a-dozen pages, when the expression of his countenance .

began to change. Dick., Chuz., Ch. XXXVIII, 2986.

His lordship had no sooner dtsappeared behind the trees of the forest, but

lady Randolph begins to explain to her confidante the circumstances of

her early life. Thack., V i r g., Ch. LIX, 614. ii.» He had barely completed his surgical operation, when Tom's gardener-

coachman appeared. Habberton, Helen's Babi es, 45. ** Hardly had he done so, when the Boers came on in great numbers at a

furious gallop, II. Lond. News. • *** Randal had scarcely left the house, before Mrs. Riccabocca... rejoined her

husband. Lytton, My No vel, II, ix, Ch. XII, 121.

I had scarcely escaped from the warm clasp of her friendly hand, before I

was in the arms of my mother. id, Caxton s, I, Bi, Ch. I, 54.

b) Instances of the alternative practice are, however, far from unusual, the preterite being often used instead of the pluperfect when the predicate is of the nature described in 141.

Your brother and my sister no sooner met but they looked, no sooner looked but they loved, no sooner loved but they sighed, no sooner sighed but they asked one another the reason, no sooner knew the reason but they sought the remedy. Shak, Asyoulikeit, V, 2, 35—40. The sun no sooner shall the mountains touch, | But we will ship him hence. id, Haml, IV, 1, 30.

No sooner a captain comes to town, but ail the young fellows flock about him. Farquhar, TheRecruitingOf., III, 2, (293). No sooner did his business prosper, than he went down into the north, like a man, to a pretty girl whom he had left there, and whom he had promised to marry. Thack, N e w c, I, Ch. II, 16.

No sooner does one bring out a book of travels, or poems.., butthenval is in the field with something similar. id, P e n d, I, Ch. XXXI, 340.

143. o) It stands to reason that nominal predicates which 'per se'

express the result of the action to which the subject is sub•jected stand in the simple tenses. Thus As soon as the door had been opened, the crowd rushed into the hall corresponds to As soon as the door was open, the crowd rushed into the hall.

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