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however, that it will be some little time before it will be a common sight to see men about town walking down Pall Mail with a sugarstick in the mouth Instead of a cigarette. Punch, 1909, Sept. 15, 181.1)

In these clauses the present tense sometimes takes the place of the future.

It is only a matter of days before the brokers seize even my personal effects. Marj. Bowen, The Rake's Progress, Ch. IV, 44.

c) There is not, of course, anything out of the common in the use of the tense-auxiliaries in continuative temporal clauses, which are, indeed, only disguised principal sentences and are, accordingly, subject to the ordinary rules about the employment of the auxiliaries of the future tense.

Come! sing me to sleep — be thou my frlend, and stay with me till sunset, when Judas will be here. Marie Corelli, B a r a b b a 8, II, Ch. XVIII. i)

d) Prophetic or solemn language may entail the use of shall in the third person.

Karl... goes with his English wife to America to await the dawn of the new world, when Qermany shall have shaken off the shackles of militarism. Eng. Rev, No. 110, 95.

e) In the following quotation should is used as the symbol of the preterite future, because shall would be used in the direct statement of which it is the indirect representative.

Of this matter he intended to speak to the prince in due time, when * he should have secured the first requisite to his marriage by establishing himself firmly in society. Mar. Crawf, Sant' 11 a r i o, Ch, III, 37. i)

V. d) Care should be taken to distinguish from adverbial clauses of time adnominal clauses introduced by the a d v e r b when. Also in these latter clauses the use of shall and will differs in no way from that in ordinary principal sentences.

i. I have begun several times many things, and I have succeeded at last; ay, sir, and though I sit down now, the time will come when you will hear me. Disraeli, Speech (Mc. Carthy, Short H i s t, Ch. VII, 80).

The time will come when you will ask my forgiveness for your deeds. Mar. Crawf., Sant' 11 a r i o, Ch. X. i)

ii. In Mr. Brooke the heredltary strain of Puritan energy was clearly in abeyance; but in his niece Dorothy it glowed alike through

») De Drie Talen, XXXIV, 12.