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just as their latest Franchise Reform, establishing adult suffrage and political rights to women, has preceded ours by a few months.

For the political student a most interesting quality of -Dutch national thought is seen in a comparison between the Dutch and the Swiss. There is between them a natural bond of sympathy and an essential similarity of outlook : both regard themselves as „petit peuple" — with powerful neighbours. In both countries liberty has become native to the soil; and by both national service is adopted as a means of defending their liberty. And again, to both countries commerce with their neighbours is of ever present importance. But the Swiss have the limitation that they are peculiarly European in their views, whereas~the Dutch inevitably look across the oceans. The further limits of industrial enterprise at Bale are the Baltic and the Mediterranean j but the threads of commerce that centre in Rotterdam draw cargoes from the remotest quarters of the globe. Geneva has the qualities of a centre of European culture and thought, but Amsterdam bears unmistakably the stamp of a world-city. In short the Dutch are distinguished by a breath of national outlook that is no less to-day than it was in the centuries of national effort upon which their free civilisation is based.

Their free civilisation is the only one in the world that can be compared with our own, whether as to sustained effort or breadth of foundation ; and how mingled is their history with our own ! How inevitably too are they associated in principle with the Allied Powers in their present fight for freedom! If in the past the question of sea-power has been f ought between England and Holland and hard blows have been exchanged, yet on the other hand our land forces have fought side by side with Dutch troops in the cause of freedom. Upon both sides of the North Sea the two powers have acted and re-acted for national liberty. In two cases prominantly in our struggle