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certain compensations in Luxemburg were granted to Belgium.

The bonds between Limburg and the Kingdom of the Netherlands have been gradually gaining in strength since 1839. The Roman Catholic inhabitants of the province having cooperated with the liberal North to bring about a revision of the constitution in 1848, Limburg resisted every attempt at German propaganda, which endeavoured at this time to substitute for the nominal bond between this Dutch province and the German League a real tie with a "new and greater Germany". Limburg never hesitated, but remained staunch to Holland and her modern political institutions.

Its definite secession from the German League took place in 1866—67.

It is no longer necessary to prove the present feelings for Holland in Limburg. The Dutch language has made great strides. The other parts of the Kingdom are alive to the interests of the Southern provinces. Thousands of Dutch people spend their holidays amidst its charming scenery, tens of thousands find work in its industrial centres. Economie interests have strengthened these ties still further. Limburg is the only part of Holland which produces coal. Other minerals are also found and the capital required to work the mines partly comes from the northern provinces. It is therefore quite wrong to say, as is sometimes done by some Belgians, that Limburg will always be a burden to Holland. On the contrary, Limburg is a valuable asset in the economie life of the country. The railway system now comprises three doubletrack railroads: Maestricht-Venlo-Nimwegen; Maestricht-Ruremonde-Venlo-Eindhoven and MaestrichtWeert-Eindhoven (since 1913). The communication could be still further improved by rendering the Meuse navigable. The opposition against effectuating this has not come from the Dutch side, as we shall see presently.