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g) The fishermen of Bouchoute and the Isabella Lock;

h) Proposed new connections with the Rhine;

/') The Communications of Antwerp with the German hinterland;

/) Navigation in the "enclave" of Maestricht; k) The canalization of the Meuse in Limburg.

a) The closing of the Eastern Scheldt and the connection with the Rhine. The canal of Hansweert.

Holland has been reproached by Belgium on account of the closing of the Sloe and the Eastern Scheldt, measures which were alleged to be prejudicial to the shipping on the Western Scheldt. The very opposite is the case. This measure, which had been considered by the Dutch Government since 1846, in the interest of traflic on the Eastern Scheldt, has, as a matter of fact, also served to correct the currents in the Western Scheldt. This was acknowledged by a Belgian diplomat Baron Guillaume, in his book l'Escaut depuis 1830 (vol. II, p. 80, c. 3). In spite of all efforts to the contrary the Eastern Scheldt was rapidly beraming choked up. The construction of the canal of Hansweert, connecting the two arms of the Scheldt, has considerably improved the situation. Holland simply availed herself of her right to cut off an existing communication between Rhine and Scheldt, a right which had been granted to her by clause 9, paragraph 8 of the Treaty of 1839, but at the same time she scrupulously observed her contractual obligation to replace this communication by another, equally safe and practicable waterway. This canal has, moreover, been continually improved and enlarged ever since. At the moment of writing an important enlargement of the locks is in course of construction.

In passing through this canal, ships may possibly experie'nce a certain amount of delay. This is a drawback common to all canals. But the inconvenience was very much greater on the Eastern Scheldt, where it was

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