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government would be necessary, as far as this canal from the Rhine to the Scheldt would have to cross Dutch territory in Limburg. As Belgium admits, there do not exist any contractual stipulations obliging Holland to such collaboration. In consenting to the construction of the railway from Antwerp to Gladbach by way of Ruremonde in 1873, Holland has completely fulfilled all her obligations, in accordance with Article 12 of the treaty of 1839, which obliged the Netherlands to grant Belgium a right of way across their territory.

Nevertheless the Dutch government have never shown themselves hostile to the Belgian plan in the matter.

In 1912 during the negociations concerning the question of the canalization of the Meuse, Belgium asked Holland's permission to construct a canal from Antwerp to the Rhine across Dutch territory. We can quote with satisfaction what was said by a Dutch Cabinet minister on this subject, word for word: "If "a country like Belgium is for eed by necessity to "make use of a part of Dutch territory for the "establishment of a connection between Antwerp and " Germany, the Dutch Government, placing themselves "on a liberal standpoint, ought not to make use of "this fortuitous circumstance in order to bar Bel"gium's way to the Rhine."

Thus spoke M. L. Regout, minister for Public works, in the Second Chamber of the States General on Dec. 20* 1912.

• Those who allege that Holland systematically favours Rotterdam at the expense of Antwerp will do well to read these words with attention. Responsible bodies, such as the chambers of commerce of Rotterdam and of Amsterdam have endorsed this ministerial view. The question still formed a subject of negociation between Holland and Belgium, when the war broke out. Belgium's answer, dated February 22n<* 1914, was then in course of examination by the Dutch government. The question has since been left unsettled.