It is clear, at any rate that Holland has not taken up a hostile position with regard to Belgium's desire to construct a canal across Dutch Limburg. The treaty of 1839 does not in any sense deprive Antwerp of its communication with the Rhine.
ij The communication of Antwerp with the German "hinterland".
As regards the railroad Communications between Antwerp and its German "hinterland", across Dutch territory, the Netherland Government have given full assistance in the matter by consenting to the Treaty of January 13* 1873 and carrying out its stipulations. The treaty of 1839 obliged Holland, in case Belgium wanted to construct a new canal or highway across the district of Sittard (Dutch), to consent to the extension of this new road across her territory. However instead of a canal or a highway a railroad was constructed, linking up Hamont (Belgium) and Dalheim (Germany). And this railway does not cross the narrow strip of territory opposite Sittard as mentioned in the treaty, but the much wider part of Limburg by way of Weert and Ruremonde. In this question, therefore, Holland has also acquitted herself in a perfectly loyal manner of her recognized duty to do justice to the Belgian interests.
j) Navigation through the "enclave" of Maestricht.
Finally the Belgians frequently complain that the enclave of Maestricht forms a hindrance to the navigation between Liége and Antwerp. The repeated customs formalities, it is said, as well as the impossibility of carrying out improvements in the canal without the consent of both parties, are a source of trouble to the shipping. It is clear that the fact that the canal crosses an enclave, of which the strictly and unalterably