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produced fresh difficulties, making the level at times either too low or too.high, so that floods are to-day of frequent occurrence in Limburg. The navigation of the Meuse on Dutch territory is becoming increasingly difficult. On the Belgian Meuse on the other hand, and particularly between Liége and the French-Belgian frontier, the shipping figures amounted in 1873 to more than doublé those of the Zuid-Willemsvaart between Maestricht and Bois-le-Duc. In reading what M. Jules Schaepkens, chairman of the Chamber of Commerce of Maestricht, has written on the attitude of Belgium towards Limburg, one realizes that Belgium hardly has grounds for complaint, whereas indeed the reverse can be said of Dutch Limburg.

Since the opening of the XXtft century Holland has energetically pressed for the thorough improvement of the Meuse as a natural waterway, on the principle of joint payment for that part of the river possessed in common, each country further defraying the full cost for the part situated on its territory only. But hitherto the Dutch proposals in the interest of navigation have not been fortunate enough to meet on the part of Belgium with the active response which it was hoped they would encounter. A Dutch-Belgian committee of inquiry instituted in 1906 has been hampered in its labours by numerous difficulties raised on the Belgian side. Limburg itself soon showed its discontent and impatience, so that several of its towns established riparian societies called "Maasvereenigingen", whose aïm it is to protest against the present condition of the river and promote its improvement. The number of these societies had in 1915 increased to 44. They demand the canalization of the Meuse without further delay.

It is not possible better to characterize the Belgian point of view in this matter, than by referring to the reply of the Belgian Government to the above mentioned Dutch proposals. In this reply, dated January 22nd 1913, it is stated that Belgium is only willing to

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