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them, aiid they mightily brag of that and that the English dare venture no farther than their great guns. One captaine Treslong commander of the ship Gouda of 56 guns at the beginning of the fight putting out the bloody flag, all his seamen and soldiers came to him as one man and told him, that unless he would putt out the Princes flag they would not fight a stroke, and he, was seine thereupon to take downe the bloody flag and sett up that of the Prince; this I heard from a gentleman that was a volontier in the said ship, and the like hapned in some other ships. They say also that upon the Priday there was nothing done and that night one of their Branders by some accident sett on fire which putt their squadrons into some little disorder, every one endeavouring to get farthest from her. Wednesday last the drums beating in Layden for more men in the name of the Estates Generall, the women gott about the Drums, and cutt them in peices crying out the Devill take the States, beat for the Prince. Some of the commanders of some of their ships are said to be run away from them since their comeing, in the feare of being questioned by a conncell of warre for their cowardise. The loss of Cortenaer is mightily lamented, but for Obdam though he behaved himselfe with so much resolution and sealed it with the loss of his life, yett they hardly give him a good word. They attribute the loss of this Battle mainly to the English their having the wind of them, and they say that if ever they should come to fight againe and have the wind of the English, they doubt not but they should give a better account of it, for that they would not content themselves with shooting at a distance, but trye what they can doe by boarding; they say also that by reason the English had the wind their fire ships did serve them in no stead. Orders are given of a great number more of brasse guns; he that cast them at the Hague hath within these 8 dayes received orders to make 20 more great ones. People speake extraordinarily differently concerning the comportment of those in the ship Charity that was taken. Every body confirmes that there are 60 saile of their men of warre come into the Texell and 15 or 16 into the Vlye, besides about 9 into the Maes, and the great ship now building at Rotterdam and the great ones lately launched at Amsterdam will be very suddainly to joine with them, and the hopes that their fleet will be suddainly againe at sea hath already raised the East India actions againe from 336 to 348, and it is most certaine that de Witt1) and the rest of the deputies at the Texell will straine things beyond imaginatiou to have their fleet immediately at sea againe, and I doe earnestly pray that you will be pleased to take your measures accor-

i) Over diens verrichtingen in dezen tijd vgj. de Jonge IP, 209 vv.; Japikse, Brieven van Johan de Witt III, 64 vv.

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