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command to proeeed as I should hee guided by future intelligence.

Further wee agreed to send a person with confidence into Denmarke to Sir Gilbert Talbott (his Majesties resident) to give notice of my goeing upon the coast of Norway, that in case of any action of ours hee should* bee prepared to gett üs what assistance hee could from that King, permission to enter his ports, and herpe from the governours of his castles in our attempt upon them, and stopping intelligence from Fleckery to Bergen.

I was induced to expect the King of Denmarke's helpe from ad vice of the King my master and the Duke, July 16, that Sir Gilbert Talbott had written that the King of Denmarke was ready to declare his treaties broaken with Holland but would bee glad to take an advantageous time to say it, whieh would bee when any considerable substan ce of the Hollanders was lodged in their ports: that then if the English fleete would attempt them by sea, hee would assist and goe halfe shares in the prize.

Upon this errand, I sent Mr. Woorden to Coppenhagen, and oordered our course for the Naze of Norway as beforesaid.

Before I proceed in the following passages of the voyage I thinke it not unneeessary to observe that my sayling from the Eastward part of the Dogger Banke to the Westward was in pursuance of the advice of the councill of warr (Sir Thomas Clifford present, a person of great esteeme and discretion, and a member of parliament), directly in conformity to the instructions which leave it to mee and the councell of warr to alter the station.

The method of useing councells of warr in all weighty millitary affaires I have ever seene in my time and taken it to bee the constant practice of generalis, and the best and wisest proceedings, many persons of experience and fidelity being likelier to conclude the best then one; and I have found in most if not in all instructions to comanders in cheife (when the oppertunity admitts the assembling the councell of warr) a command to use theire advice upon emergencies which happen in all humaine affaires; and particuler instructions can bee but lame, and prescribe the scope of a designe only, but noe man can serve well that does not vary the particuler steps as circumstances arise; but I acknowlidge the authority and shelter of a councell of warr hath never swayed mee to one action wherein theire reason had not prevayled upon my understanding first, as they did in the occasion I have already mencioned. Particuler arguments are hard for mee to remember at this distance of time; but I am glad Sir Thomas Clifford was present, who if enquired off, I am sure will give an accompt impartiall relateing to his Majesties service. But amongst the rest, I was much perswaded by the importance of makeing conjunction with our fleete more speedily. Before