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to the ensigne staffe, and were kept there during the whole fight, till the said ship came to be on fire.

And 1 did hereupon desire that captaine Garnard may he put into the hospitall with other sick and wounded, and I was the more earnest in this because I am informed he is a very gallant fellow, and fought most bravely with 2 greate Dutch capers and drove one of them on shoare and killed a greate many men in the other, although he had but a most pitifull little vessell with 2 guns and 15 men.

I also desired that the officers taken in private men of warre may in generall be for the future distinguished from common men, and have the allowance and treatement of officers, and lastly that care be taken that for the future none that are taken prisoners be either dureing any fight so barbarously expösed to danger, much lesse compel'd with threats to fight against their King and country.

Then I acquainted them that it had pleased His Majesty to sett at liberty 101 boyes in the place of those few sent me from Amsterdam, and that yet I did not understand that any boyes were set at liberty in any other part of country.

Then I told them that I had also yet greate complaintes from Rotterdam that the English prisoners are still very ill used there, being kept up so close and so throng'd together though they were but about 70 in all, that they fall sick daily and that such as do fall sick either there or at Amsterdam, that they can scarce be gott to the hospitalis untill they are upon the point of death. Moreover that they have nothing but bread and cheese allowed them there, and not above a quarter of a pound of cheese to a man a day, and that I did desire the like justice for them as I had before desired for those of Amsterdam.

Then I desired that such as are officers might not be kept in any part of this country among the common men, but that they might have their liberty upon baile, or be kept in some private house under a guard.

Then I asked them what auswer I should returne to His Majesty concerning the proposition I had made to them for the exchange of prisoners on both sides man for man, to which they reply'd that the Estates had as yet taken no resolucion thereupon, but still pressed as from themselves that the exchange might be generall, viz. by giving money for the over plus of their men, to which I told I had nothing to say but pressed their auswer pro or con as to the proposition I had made to them, and so the conference ended.

175. DOWNING AAN ARLINGTON, 28 Juli 1666 !).

Cornelius Everson hath written hither that about 32 ships in the

1) R. O., Holland 177. — Uit den Haag. — Metre: Meteren.

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