reère them for the greater. advantage to hold 'the wind and more conveniency to engage the whole fleet. On this the Dutch tacked; when their van was abreast of his Highness being in the center of his fleet, the Dutch not suffering his Highness to take that advantage, made all the sayle that possible they could into the shoare the same way his Highness- did, his Highness keeping uuder such a sayle as the rest of the fleet might accompany him. The day being by this neerspent, his Highness did not think fitt to engage them that night, but to defer it to the next morning, and thereupon kept under sayle all night, and gave order to the French who had then the van to steer away S. B. E., and to carry a good sayle, and withall when they came to 10 fathome water they should steer away S. B. W. and S. S. W. by the land to keep the wind, which by night came to E. N. E. and E. B. N.
But contrary to that order from his Highnesse about 11 at night the French layd their sailes to the masts, by which the vice-admirall of the red was forced to doe the same, soe that his Highness carrying a constant sayle, and being in the center of his fleet, came up with them on a sudden and soe was forced to ly by, untill his Highnesse was sending on board the French to know the reasone of their lying by and to order them to make sayle againe. Before the first messenger got to them we feil into our former station, and continued the same constant sayle till about one of the clock; then the French layd their sailes to the masts againe, soe that all our fleet was forced to doe the like. Not knowing the cause hereof, his Highnesse did send againe by a second messenger to be satisfyed, but before any accoumpt came, it being now about two in the morning, we saw false fires with some guns fired, buth whether from the French.or Dutch we could not well judge. Our fleet now coming into 11 fathom water, we did beleeve that the French had shoale water, and that that was the cause of the French firing or the Dutch tacking ahead of them.
The Dutch by carryiug all the sayle they could this night, and the French lying by keeping of an easy sayle (contrary to order), the wind then veering to the E. and E. B. S., the Dutch had the advantage to get the wind of us, by which we presently judged the Dutch had tacked, soe that his Highnesse thought it convenient to tack alsoe, thinking it not safe to fall in amongst the enemyeS fleet at night, doubting som disorder might happen, having soe many raw seamen under his comand; soe his Highnesse stoodto the E.N.E.,it being now about two of the clock in the morning, and the wind coming neer to the S. E. the enemy had the wind, being close by the shoare under Camperdowne.
Upon this his Highness stretched it away untill 6 in the morning; the Dutch being then to windward begun to beare downe upon him