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Khan and the Mongol massacres in Western Asia just about 700 years ago. Many a pessimist of our time would, in recent catastrophes, find a parallel of Mongol crimes. But even the most pronounced pessimist cannot deny the fact, that whereas the German atrocities are well-established facts, German public opinion is so impressed by their horror, that it stoutly denies their very possibility. Again, he would find some food for reflection in the strenuous way in which the statesmen of Germany try to whitewash themselves of all responsibility for the war. They all profess to wage a war of defence, a war which will decide their national existence itself. And he may ask himself, whether Jenghiz Khan or indeed whether any conqueror or belligerent previous to the time of Napoleon ever troubled himself to proffer any excuse to ease his conscience or to palliate the evil effect of his actions.

The war itself and the way in which Germany has waged war, then, has revealed two salient and significant facts.

The one is, that no nation, and no responsible statesman has uttered any other feelings than those of alarm, disappointment, disgust and shame for the war having broken out at all and that there is not a single belligerent Government which does not indignantly repudiate all guilt of having brought it about.

The other is, that not only the world at large, not only the other belligerents besides Germany, but Ger-