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From the point of view of the individual, therefore, it may safely be asserted that the size of the State of which he is the subject, does not increase his personal comfort or contentment. In Germany the annual number of suicides is 17 per 100,000 souls. In Holland it is only 8 per 100.000.

From that same point of view, which can hardly be different from that of the whole of Mankind, it may be asked, then, whether large States are at all desirable?

We have seen that the Moral Code of a State, or rather the motives by which its servants are prompted, are in the most positive conflict with their individual morality. The State, in fact, has no conscience, and the individual Statesman, as such, has to behave as if he had none. It follows, that the greater the material force, the greater the military power, which is at the disposal of the State, the more gigantic will become the results of material force and of military power. And seeing that morals play no deterrent role, the wrongs and injustices which the large States will commit will tend to grow with the size of the State. The large State, as is evident in the case of Germany in the present war, assumes all the relentless, unreasoning, blind and deaf force of a hurricane or of an earthquake.

In regard to its power for wrong, therefore, the large State is a highly unsatisfactory institution.

In the case of Germany and Austria we have secn