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pride of race, by a yearning for praise from compatriots, the highest endeavour towards the betterment of Mankind; for nations, in thus improving themselves, cannot but stimulate others to follow them. The preservation, therefore, of separate nationalities in Europe, must be considered as a question of extreme importance. Moreover, only a few nationalities lend themselves to centralisation of governmental power, because this tends to place supreme authority in the hands of certain cliques or castes; the larger the territory and population of such nations grow, the more will the divergence of individual and State interests be accentuated. In Russia, with her almost inconceivable diversity of races, languages and climates, the centralisation of administrative power has led to a chaotic state of the financial position, which tends to increase bythe character of Russian officialdom. We make this remark without any feelings of partiality; but we have the Russians' own word for it in numerous publications asserting a highly unsatisfactory state of affairs. In such countries, therefore, local self-government is much to be desired; and if the Russian Government could be prevailed upon to allow nations like Poles and Finns, and possibly Georgia and Bokhara, to manage their own affairs under separate kings or local chiefs, who owe allegiance to Petrograd, it would be a step in the right direction, and worthy of a great and noble people.

Especially Poland deserves particular considera-

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