Two pinkish tinted styles arise from the ovary but these are not visible in the flower unless the central petals are spread back artificially. One or both of these styles in the mature flower are usually split, thus giving the appearance of having either three or four styles. Only a few small antherlike bodies are found and these are not borne upon stamens but are attached as peculiar appendages from a few of the smaller petals at the throat of the flower, or at about the level of the tops of the styles.
The dominant color effect is approximately "rose red" as shown in Plate XII of Ridgeway's Color Standard and Nomenclature, edition of 1912. There are, however, touches of the brighter shade "Tyrian red" (Plate XII, same chart) on the outer edges of some of the petals when the blossom is in its prime. The under sides of the petals as well as the lightest visible portions of the upper sides of the petals may best be described as "rose colored (a shade of pink, also shown in Plate XII of the Ridgeway Color Standard). Each petal is of a brighter and more pronounced shade on its upper surface than its lower surface and at its outer edge as compared with the central portion. Each petal is, of course, almost white on the narrow lower (and ordinarily invisible) portion reaching down into the throat of the flower. As the flower ages the outer edges of the petals become somewhat darker but they do not change to an undesirable purple as so frequently occurs in other varieties of pink or red carnations.
The flower has a distinct but mild odor.
Calyx.—The calyx is strong and tough in structure. It consists of a single tube 1 inches long, made up of five subdivisions or lios separated at the top by moderately deep cuts. This gives a spreading or open mouth effect which is one of the principal safeguards against bursting. This is a matter of importance in a carnation as large and heavy as this variety. As a further aid to prevent splitting or bursting, each lip of the calyx cup is provided with a humped springlike development which while tending to hold the flower together, gives the necessary elasticity to prevent bursting. It is a notable fact that not a single case of splitting or bursting of the flower of this new variety has yet been found.
Buds. Distinctive in shape, being blunt and heavy, almost spherical in shape as compared with the usual long pointed buds of other varieties.
Stcms and foliage.—Of medium length and extra heavy and strong; approximately "empire green" in color (Plate XXXII Ridgeway's Color Standard and Nomenclature), overlaid with a heavy gray bloom. The leaves are smooth and inclined to be short. They are straight or only slightly curled growing, but curl extensively when cut and kept at room temperatures.
This variety does not produce an abundance of shoots, suitable for cuttmgs, arising from the nodes. This tendency toward slower reproduction is outweighed, however, by the certainty and ease with which the available cuttings take root and grow.
It is to be understood that the foregoing describes this new variety as 11 -rr3 typicaI1y ?n t^le ktitude of Boston, Massachusetts, but that there will be some variations in characters as between individual specimens particularly where grown under different conditions of soil, climate and treatment.
The more important characters which when considered either singly or in combination clearly distinguish my new carnation from all other known varieties are:
First, the^ distinctive and pleasmg color of its blossoms.
Second, the unusually large size and perfect form of the blossoms.
Third, the mild rather than strong odor.
Fourth, the light pink styles, two in number and with split tops, and