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abuse — and then Shylocke's offer of a loan without interest (whatever his motives and later action) might have been slipped in. Yet the more Shylocke is made to appear reasonable and human the more impossible becomes the Flesh-condition which must figure in the Bond. Shakespeare was preparing for Shylocke's atrocity, present and to come, and was letting Anthonio gather nemesis on his own head. So we find the Merchant railing:

I am as like to call thee so againe,

To spet on thee againe, to spurne thee too,

and telling Shylocke, quite unnecessarily, not to lend him the money as to a friend. The 1579 play may have proceeded methodically to an apparently friendly agreement, but here we wonder how the loan will ever be made on any terms. This time Shylocke has to show more than ordinary elasticity: his most earnest expostulations have been met with renewed spittings and spurnings, yet he does not fling away "with a curse, but as a supple villain toying with a notion of getting a hold over Anthonio (which time may ripen into a chance of destroying him) he starts whining:

Why look you how you storme, I would be friends with you, and have your love, Forget the shames that you have stained me with, Supplie your present wants, and take no doit Of usance for my moneyes, and youle not heare me. This is kinde I offer.

At this unexpected development Anthonio has

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