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§ 25.

48

suite de négligence de la part des agents du „Marshal of the Prize Court" : Egyptian Bonded Warehouses Co. v. Yeyashu Goshi Kaisha and Marshal of the Prize Court (1390). Dans cette même affaire [Lützow, n°. 6 (989)], la Cour d'Alexandrie s'était déclarée compétente. D'après la cour d'appel:

What (the authorities) show is that the Prize Court has exclusive jurisdiction over the question of prize or no prize, and also over all questions which depend for their proper deterrnination on the question of prize or no prize, the reason being that prizes are acquisitions jure belli" and that „jus belli" is to be determined by the law of nations, and not by the municipal law of any country.... This doctrine as to prize jurisdiction over what are called mcidental matters meaning matters which depend for their décision on pnze or no prize is well estabüshed; but it obviously has no application to the present case, where the claim for indemnity in no way required the consideration of any question of prize law or international law for its deterrnination .... (Grain, J.,) must have thought that the tort complained of in this case had been committed whilst somethrng remained to be done in the matter, whereas the further investigation of the facts at the trial seems to their Lordships to show that that was not so .. . They base (their décision) on the broad view that there is no jurisdiction in the Prize,Court to decide, as between parties, some of whom have not been parties to the pnze proceedings, disputes not involving the consideration of the „jus belli , and arising on facts wlnch have occurred after an effective release of the goods to a claimant." 26. Italië.

La compêtence de la Commission des prises de Rome pour connaitre de demandes en dommages-intérêts n'a pu être contestée après le Décret dela Lieutenance en date du i« aoüt 1915, No. 1234 (Gazzetta Ufficiale du 18 aoüt 1915), dont 1'article 1» alinéa i« porte que: ^ Commissione delle prede, costituita colNostrc.decreto^omaggio xqU n 807, è competente a giudicare di qualsiasi domanda di risarciment'o di danni presentata, in confronto dello Stato, per fatti attinenti aï'esercizio del diritto di preda durante il presente stato di guerra

Cette compêtence est, toutefois, ümitée aux demandes mtrodmtes contre 1'Etat italien ; elle ne s'étend surtout pas, comme en GrandeBretagne, aux actions intentées par un groupe d'intéresses a un autre. Voir :

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