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443

§ 237.

arguments of counsel on both sides in the case of the Roland support this view, which is corroborated also by the commentary of the International Naval Conference on article 59 of the Déclaration of London. . . ."

Outre que la cour admet ici expressément rapphcabüité de la règle a des marchandises consignées a un port non-ennemi (dans 1'espèce: Colombo, Ceylan), elle rejette encore, impbcitement, la défense des réclamants, que la présomption ne serait pas écrite pour le cas de transport de marchandises expédiées antérieurement a la guerre (dans 1'espèce: au mois de juillet 1914).

Voir expücitement dans le même sens la décision de la „Cape of <iood Hope Division of the Suprème Court of South-Africa", relative a certain chargement a bord du Birkenfels, n°. 2 (42), oü nous lisons les passages suivants:

„On behab of the consignées, it is contended that, seeing that the vessel, the Birkenfels, which is a German steamship and has been condemned by the Court as a lawful prize [comp. § 370], left her port of saüing, New-York, in July last before hostüities had arisen between Great Britain and Germany, and as her cargo is consigned to consignées in Australia, which is British territory, and to British subjects, the onus lies upon the Admbalty, and not on the consignées to prove in the first instance the ownership of the goods. After considering the arguments . . . . , the Court sees no reason to depart from the ordinary general principle that where a party lays claim to property he must, before he can succeed or before the goods can be given up to him, produce some evidence to show his ownership in the goods. . . ."

Hypatia (523). „It is clearly established in the law of nations that claimants must prove theb non-hostile character at the time of capture."

Italië.

Ambra, n°. 2 (370). „Che, mancando ogni prova che le merci appartengano a ditte di nazionalitè. non nemica, deve presumersi il loro carattere nemico a termini deü'art. 59 deüa dichiarazione di Londra."

Dans le même sens: Ambra, n°*. 9 et 10 (393 et 394); Moravia, nf>\ 2 (344) et 12 (528).

(2) Lorsqu'ü s'agit de savoir a queüe date les documents relatifs a une cargaison saisie ont gagné leur beu de destination, la juridiction des prises présume qu'üs y sont arrivés dans le délai normal des envois postaux.

Voir la décision du Comité Judiciabe du Conseü Privé anglais dans 1'affaire du Belgia (cargaison) (600), confirmant Belgia (186):

„It appears that in both these cases the question is reaüy whether the learned President was wrong when he came to the conclusion that the appellants in neither case had proved that the maü from America had

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