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§ 290.

532

But it seems also to be settled that in such cases [c.a,d. dans les cas de Vsonnes domicihées en pays non-ennemi mais ayant, ou Participant a uVe maison de commerce en pays ennemi] confiscation wül not take place at the commencement of war ü the trade has been camed on during peace, unless the person affected continues his connectie*t with thTtrade after the war: The Vigüantia [1798] i The San Jose Indiano _ It is not easy to see why, in the case of a partner in a hostüe house of trade [c.a.d. le cas visé au § 289, (1)], time should be given to. sever^connection after war before confiscation by capture atseaisperrmtted, when no such opportunity is given to ^^^^caf^l^^i résidence in hostüe territory [c.a.d. Ie cas vise au § 288]. But I accept S law as it stands [voir cependant la décision de la cour d'appel dans 1'affaire Anglo-Mexican (890) et les autres décisions atees a-dessus au T288 (3)] • The question upon which the right to seize and conflcate' the shares of the quasi-partners [les prétendus associés étaient dTsSétés eües-mêmes] then, turns upon whether they contmued then «^ion with the house of trade after the commencement of the - I have not found any direct décisions which help. It is obviously a question of fact in any particular case whether there has been a contmuation of the connection with a hostüe house of trade durmg war, or whètïer sufficiënt steps have been taken, and in proper time, tosever toe connection. -Some guidance is afforded by the f^P^ apphed in cases relating to subjects of a cognate kind -forexample cSnuingto trade withthe enemy after war [comp. § 5741 or continmng a commerdal domicüe by résidence after hostdities have= begun [c^mp S 288 U)] — An instance of the former occurs in The Hoof[I799J. Lord Stowdl said that the rigid rule against such trading had been erïorced „where cargoes have been laden before the war but^here the parties have not used aü possible diligence to countermand the voyage after the füst notice of hostüities." - An mustration of thelatter kmd will be found in Chief Justice Marshaü's cdebrated dissenting judgment in The Venus [1814] [comp. au surplus a-dessus, §288, (3)J----

Mais dans 1'espèce, la cour refuse d'admettre que les soi-disant associés anglais auraient accompli leur devoü de se retirer immédiatement des affaües allemandes.

La controverse fut discutée plus a fond et en deux instances dans les affaires Anglo-Mexican (310; appel: 890), et Lützow, «»*. 4 et 5 (289 et 419; appel: 890), oü ü s'agissait de commercants neutres Sntlressés dans des affaires aüemandes. Dans 1'un et dans 1 autre cas la décision de la Cour de première instance (deLondres etd Alexandrie successivement) fut réformée.

Dans son jugement détaülé Lützow, n°. 4 (289), la Cour des pnses pour 1'Egypte faisait les observations suivantes:

„There has been great discussion as to what indulgence, if any, should

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