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§ 326.

594

port other than a German port when the goods had an enemy destination or were enemy property ; and (4) to goods on board a vessel sailing from a port other than a German port, which were of enemy origin, or were enemy property.

In these various cases it was provided that the vessels might berequired to discharge the goods to which the Order apphed in a British or Alhed port. But the vessels themselves were not made subject to the penalty of condemnation, or even detention. The goods required to be discharged were to be placed in the custody of the Marshal of this Court;

etc A very large number of cases has been dealt with in this Court

under the Order, and in the French Prize Court under a similar Order

To revert to the history of the enemy's conduct at sea after the déclaration of February, 1915, the German authorities lost no time in carrying into effect theh threats. Theh submarines sank British ships and destroyed hves of innocent persons in March. In April they sank Dutch, Swedish, and Portuguese ships — Portugal at that time being neutral. They also torpedoed a Belgian reliëf ship without warning and sank her in five minutes, causing the loss of seventeen hves, although it was in the daytime and the vessel was flying the Belgian Reliëf Commission's flag, and displaying the Conunission sereens on both sides.marked,,Commission Belgian Reliëf, Rotterdam", in letters over two feet high, and had actually been granted a saf e-conduct by the German Consul at the Hague.

And it wül be remembered — can it ever be forgotten ? — that on May 7 the Lusitania was torpedoed and sunk when she was carrying nearly 2000 persons of all classes and ages; and that in the frightful disaster 1198 men, women and chüdren were drowned. No more callous or cruel crime has been committed since the day of Cain. The first murderer seemed, however, to have feit some shame and remorse, as he denied the crime at the outset, and afterwards moaned that his iniquity was more than could be forgiven. But the authors and instigators of theinhuman, fiendish atrocity of the Lusitania were such beings as could rejoice and revel in it. Lest the civilised world, which stood aghast at the crime, might misunderstand or forget it, they struck a medal of a vüe kind to celebrate and commemorate it, replicas of which were sent to neutral countries in proud proof of their prowess.

This being the attitude of the enemy, it is not to be wondered at, therefore, that through 1915 and 1916 the outrages continued. Nay, further, in the beginning of 1917 the severity of the submarine atrocities was to be increased, and a formal announcement of an ahnost unlimited submarine warfare in European waters was made by a memorandum of the German Government, which was expressly directed against „all sea traffic". In order to appreciate its extent, and the interference of üs operations with neutral shipping and sea commerce and its disregard of innocent human life, it should be read in its entirety.

„Memorandum of projected German war measures at sea", published in the Deutsche Reichsanzeiger of February 1, 1917 .... [suivent les termes de ce memorandum] .... This called forth

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