KrSJ f^wl ^ hUmaniSe PraCtkeS °f mafitime
Is it consistent with their dignity, or with the seriousness of the nejrotiations, to read a part of their handiwork as meaning that a belligerent
SS tw *FT an eDTy Ship in ^ 0Wn P°rt at ^ ^ess he chooses, but that if from good nature or improvidence, he waives his right to
ïfr-if CX1+ a5S°;utely> he is t0 be bound ^ convention to do mor! than ne chooses to do by express grace, and may then only detain, when otherwise he could seize ? To say that the compact expressed in article a tos been providently entered into in case two belhgerents should reciprocaüy grant days of grace under article ij but that untü that event happens.it is a mere foretaste of things to come, is to attenuate this Convention to the very verge of annuüing it. It is aü the more unworthy of such an occasion to place so narrow a meaning on the Article, because the leneth and character of the opportunity for departing in peace rests entirely with the grantor of it. . . . J
Ü!iS<S 3 f+nd^ how5Yer> which are strictiy in pari materia, seem to Place the matter beyond doubt. Article 3 contains no reference to articles
rrfnA 1 Wth a Case t0 which days of ^ace and opportunities fLtfu VC n0 aPPllcation - that ^ to say, to ships which are
lound by their enemy at sea on the outbreak of war The article clearly and independently of the others, reqrüres that such ships, although by the law of nations good prize, may not be confiscated Their Lordships, therefore, think it clear that in effect this Convention says : Ships which find themselves at the outbreak of war in an enemv port shaü m no case be condemned, if they are not allowed to leave, or if they unavoidably overstay their days of grace, but it would be better that they should always be allowed to leave, with or without days of grace. In effect, while article i is only optional, article 2 is obligatory They reject the construction which makes the prohibition upon confiscation depend on a prior election to do what article i desiderates but does notrequire.
Dans 1'affaire des Samsem (Samson?), Trautenfels et autres navtres (854), la Cour de Bangkok a décidé que, si l'article i« de la Convention VI n'est pas observé par 1'ennemi, l'article 2 relatif a 1'exemption de capture cesse d'être obügatoire (pour le Siam).
b) Le sens du mot „port" et de 1'expression „entrer dans un port". 856. La question de savoir quand un navire peut être dit „se trouver ou entrer dans un port ennemi" (art. 1), ou bien „être rencontré en mer" (art. 3), a été d'une grande importance, puisque 1'Allemagne et la Russie n'avaient pas accepté l'art. 3.