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§ 356.

654

Grande-Bretagne.

Möwe (14), navire allemand, faisant route de Norderney a Bo'ness dans le Firth of Forth, et qui toucha Morrison's Haven (Forth) quelques heures avant la déclaration de guerre de 1'Angleterre a 1'AUemagne, le 4 aoüt 1914 ; de la il continua son voyage, le matin du 5 aoüt, pour Granton, huit lieues en amont du Firth of Forth. Pendant ce voyage le navire fut saisi.

It was urged that the vessel was seized within the port of Leith, and alternatively, that she was taken within territorial waters, and not on the high seas" [voir sur ce dernier argument ci-après, § 377, (2)],

and therefore is not confiscable In this Convention (VI) I am of

opinion that the word „port" must be construed in its usual and hmited popular or commercial sense as a place where ships are in the habit of coming for the purpose of loading or unloading, embarking or disembarking It does not mean the fiscal port. The ports.of Morrison's Haven, Granton and Bo'ness, I was informed, are within the fiscal port of Leith, but théy are all separate ports in the ordinary sense. The vessel was not seized in any of such „ports", as the term is so understood, and as it seems to me to be used in the Convention. She was not m a port from which, if days of grace had been arranged, she could be said to depart (sortir)." .

Dans le même sens la cour d'appel dans 1'affaire Belgia (323) , confirmation de la décision de première instance Belgia (123) : navüe aUemand capturé par les Anglais, le 5 aoüt 1914, après avoir tenté, en vain, d'entrer, le 4 aoüt, avant la déclaration de guerre anglaise, dans le port de Newport et avoir jeté 1'ancre en une rade ouverte, a quelques üeues de distance de la cóte de Somersetshire et de 1'embouchure de la rivière Usk, non loin de Newport et dans les limites du port fiscal de Newport.

In the ordinary mercantile language a merchant vessel in such a position would not be within the port of Newport. A port denotes a place to which merchant vessels are in the habit of going to load or discharge cargo, and not a place in an open roadstead at which no cargoes are ever discharged or unloaded. It was, however, argued on behalf of the appellants that the word „port" in articles 1 and 2 of the Sixth Convention included not only a port in the ordinary mercantile sense, but a liscai

^n the opinion of theb Lordships, articles-i and2 do not include vessels merely within a fiscal port. These articles are hmited to merchant ships, and refer to commercial transactions, not to fiscal regulations. The word port" is used not only in the ceüocation „enemy port , but of., a port of destination" and „a port of departure" - weü recognised terms in the language of commerce. To extend the benefit of articles 1 and 2 to

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