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§ 357.

656

German ships, be construed to mean that, if an enemy ship is allowed to enter a harbour, the Government thus allowing that steamer to entei while still ignorant that hostilities have broken out, cannot subsequently capture that ship. At the moment when an enemy ship seeks admission into a port the Government may not have at its disposal men-of-war on the spot to capture that steamer, and may therefore have an interest to allow admission to render the capture more easy.

This very restrictive interprétation of paragraph 2 of article 1 of the Convention apparently involves hardship, but with regard to German steamers such hardship is due to the action of theh own Government. Germany did not accept article 3, which would have saved the Erymanthos. The Sixth Hague Convention of 1907 can only be liberally interpreted

if taken as a whole By striking out article 3, the second paragraph

of article 1 can only apply to ships allowed to enter an enemy port while „still ignorant of hostilities", and does not apply to an enemy ship to which admission has been refused."

(2) D'après 1'opinion de la cour d'appel, ü en est de même lorsqu'il s'agit d'un navire qui était neutre encore au moment oü il demanda d'être admis dans un port anglais.

Belgia (323) [voir 1'exposé des faits au § 356]:

„On the afternoon of August 4 war had not broken out between Germany and England, and Newport was not an enemy port to a German vessel. Articles 1 and 2 of the Sixth Convention only apply to merchant ships at the commencement of hostüities in an enemy port, or entering an enemy port whilst still ignorant that hostüities had broken Out. Theh Lordships therefore cannot hold that, when the steamship Belgia reached Newport on the afternoon of August 4, articles 1 and 2 of the Convention had any application. It was argued by Sn Robert Finlay that the dockmaster had no right to stop the Belgia at the beü buoy, but in the opinion of theh Lordships the dockmaster was not exceeding the limits of his authority. There was no obligation to admit the Belgia to the Alexandria Doek, admission being a matter of courtesy and not of right."

d) Entrée ou séjour dans un port (ennemi) comme port de refuge1).

358. La question de savoir si les articles ier et 2 sont apphcables k des navires qui n'ont fait ou tenté de faire escale dans un port qu'afin d'y trouver refuge, a été posée devant Ia Cour de Londres pour la première fois dans 1'affaire du vapeur aUemand Belgia [voü 1'exposé

») Comp. aussi 1'argumentation du Comité Judiciaire du Conseü Privé anelais dans 1'affaire Floating craft of the Deutsches Kohlen Depöt (1047) citée au § 354, oü le tribunal d'appel dénie la protecUon de la Convention VI a des navires qui sont affectés au service dans un port, sans jamais être destinés a traverser la mer.

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