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§ 468.

,,A statistical table was put in evidence, which proved that in 1915 the imports into Denmark of dried fruits were 18,651 tons, whereas the annual average of imports before the war (1911—1913) was 6,300 tons. The President has found that the statistical evidence establishes a case which throws upon the appellants the onus of showing that the goods were not going to Germany. Their Lordships concur in this opinion. There is ample statistical evidence to place an obligation on the appellants to show that the destination of the goods is innocent."

Kronprinsessan Victoria (1035) : „The admissibility of what is called a statistical case has already been recognized."

Andijk (1272). „The affidavit shows these facts : That in the year 1914 the exports of honey out of Holland were 16 tons to Germany and 48 tons to Belgium ; and in 1915 those exports were 448 tons to Germany and 200 tons to Belgium ; and that when in 1916, at the beginning of September, an embargo was put upon the import of honey from overseas into Holland by the action of our own Government, the export of honey from Holland to Germany ceased, and Germany was being starved of honey —a very eloquent testimony to the condition of things which existed in Germany .... Holland was an entrepót for the supply of honey to Germany, honey which was derived from overseas sources, and for the supply to Germany of as large quantities as could be obtained, and quantities which were disproportionate to the probable normal consumption of honey in Holland itself."

Voir aussi les affaires du Neptunus (1327) et du Leda, n°. 3 (1317):

„The case for the Crown is put on two grounds. One is ... . that the route via Holland into Germany was at the time of the seizure of these goods (apricot pulp) a common route for the transit into Germany of fruit of overseas origin, and in particular of fruit products of the kind here in question."

§ 468. II y a présomption de destination hostüe, lorsque les documents accompagnant une cargaison constituant par sa nature de la contrebande de guerre et trouvée a bord d'un navire se rendant dans un pays voisin des pays ennemis ou occupés par l'ennemi n'établissent pas la destination finale et définitive de cette cargaison en pays neutre. (Présomptions du § 436, n°. 9, et du § 440, n°. 12.)

(1) Bien que le Gouvernement francais n'ait pas avant le 7 juület 1916 formulé cette présomption dans sa rédaction finale citée ci-dessus1), le Conseil des prises s'en est déja prévalu de fait pour déclarer bonne et valable la prise de marchandises effectuée avant cette date. Voir le jugement relatif a deux balles de coton saisies, lè 7 avril 1916, a bord du vapeur grec Panelinion (918). D'après 1'opinion prépondérante concernant le droit transitoüe [comp. § 88],.

') Voir déja, toutefois, art. 3 du décret du 13 mars 1915, ci-dessus § 322..

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