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§ 470.

diés en Autnche-Hongrie; Que les objets dont ü s'agit étaient utilisables pour la guerre ; que les mesures prises par le gouvernement austrohongrois pour s'assurer le contróle de pareüs objets ont eu pour conséquence de faire regarder ces objets comme destinés a 1'administration de 1'Etat ennemi et partant comme sujets a confiscation."

H(N) arrovian, n°. 2 (1378): „Considérant que, dès les premiers temps de la guerre, les mesmes prises par les gouvernements ennemis en accord avec leur législation générale, pour assurer le contróle par 1'Etat et la répartition des substances existantes ou importées sm lem territoire, devaient faire regarder celles-ci comme destinées aussi bien al'usagé des forces armées et des administrations de ces Etats, suivant les termes mêmes de l'article 33 de la déclaration de Londres, alors en vigueur, qu'a celui de la population civüe."

Grande-Bretagne.

Kim and other vessels, n°. 1 (167). „Regard must also be had to the state of things in Germany during this war in relation to the müitary forces and to the civil population and to the method described in evidence which was adopted by the Government in order to procure supplies for thfe forces. — The general situation was described by the British Foreign. Secretary in his Note to the American Government on February io„ 1915, as follows : „The reason for drawing a distinction between foodstuffs intended for the civü population, and these for the armed forces or enemy Government disappears when the dlstlnetión between the civil population and the armed forces itself disappears. In any couSr^Z which there exists such a tremendous organisation for war Jnow obtains m Germany, there is no clear division between those whom the Govern-

thatrEVT""?UiOTf^ andthosewhomitisnotExperiencfsnows that the power to requisition will be used to the fuüest extent in order to

SsTav^

goods may be imported for civü use it is by the müitary that thev wül be consumed ü müitary exigencies reqiüre it, especially now that the G^an^Government have taken control of all the foodstuffs in the

ser^n^rT^ evidence that about ten milüons of men were either servmg in the German army or dependent upon or under the control o ï^1^ the ^rman Government out oTa popXtion

Of theTood'rf7andff venty «nülions of men, women and cÏÏZ estimïte^ifOT hC P?101»*101» " would not be extravagant to ShX

for tl,; t? * f °getherJT°m the SPecial adaptability of these cargoes dest^nedTrlhlT68' ^ ^ ^ Pro»>able inference that they were dïribmihl f !t' CVeM- 358111111118 that thev were indiscriminately ^stributed between the military and civüian population a very laree proportion would necessarüy be used by the müitary forces " & La Cour de Londres finit par déclarer toutes ces cargaisons de

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