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865

§ 493.

try the manuf actured products of imported raw material might bring a case within the doctrine of continuous voyage. The décision is not binding OU this Board ; but the appeüants' counsel did not ask their Lordships to review it, or question its validity in law."

(tf) Plus tard, la cour anglaise de première instance a de nouveau étendu 1'effet de la doctrine du voyage continu par une seconde restriction de la formule b). Voir sa décision dans 1'affaire du Bonna (913), navire norvégien transportant une cargaison d'huüe de fèves de cacao a destination d'une société suédoise pour la fabrication de margarine. La Couronne anglaise avait demandé la confiscation de 1'huüe pour le motif que celle-ci était destinée a alimenter le stock suédois de graisses alimentaires, dont une partie serait exportée en Aüemagne, ou bien que la margarine fabriquée serait consommée en Suède au lieu d'une quantité correspondante de beurre qui ainsi deviendrait disponible pour 1'exportation en Aüemagne. Bien que Sir Samuel Evans ait rejeté cette argumentation dans toute sa rigueur, ü 1'a tout de même adoptée en grande partie, comme ü ressort de la citation suivante :

„Before pronouncing the décision of the Court I think it right to say that, if it were estabüshed that raw materials were imported by a neutral for the manufacture of margarine with an intention to supply the enemy with the manufactured article, I should be prepared to hold that the doctrine of continuous voyage applied so as to make such raw materials subject to condemnation as conditional contraband with an enemy destination.

I should go even further and hold that, if it were shown that in a neutral country particular manufacturers of margarine were acting in combination with particular producers or vendors of butter, and that the intention and object of theb combination was to produce the margarine in order to send the butter to the enemy, the same doctrine would be applicable with the same results.

But there is a long space between those two supposed cases and the one now before the Court; and this space, in my view, cannot be spanned by the apphcation of the accepted principles of the law of nations. I do not consider that it would be in accordance with international law to hold that raw materials on their way to citizens of a neutral country to be converted into a manufactured article for consumption in that country were subject to condemnation on the ground that the conséquence might, or even would, necessarüy be that another article of a üke kind, and adapted for a üke use, would be exported by other citizens of the neutral country to the enemy."

II résulte de eet exposé que Sb Samuel Evans est même prêt a accepter 1'introduction dans la doctrine du voyage continu du principe de la „substitution", pourvu que, ici encore, puisse être éta-

Verzyi, Droit des prises. 55

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