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§ 494.

870

„in the year 1915 the Scandinavian ports and the Dutch ports were evidently being used as mere ports of transit for the conveyance of Spanish fruits into Germany,"

la cour admit que, dans 1'espèce, les importateurs néerlandais n'étaient pas

„actually concerned in a scheme to transmit these parcels of apricots or parcels of which these cases formed part from Holland to Germany," et que „in fact the goods were imported for distribution in Holland."

Neptunus (1327), saisie de 300 caisses de raisins secs sur un navire néerlandais en route de Malaga pour Amsterdam.

„The claimants are an old-established firm of dealers in dried fruits in Holland, with agencies, buyers and customers of their own, and with a total volume of trade which, so far as is shown, did not undergo those violent fluctuations during the war which, when they were proved in the case of various traders in neutral countries, were strong indication that they were knowingly engaged in the conveyance of foodstuffs and other commodities into Germany. There is no such variation in the claimants' trade. So far as is shown, their trade maintained something like its usual level.... I am satisfied .... that any suspicious circumstances there were arising out of the general conditions of German trade and arising out of past incidents in the records of many of these people is a suspicion to which no substantial weight need be attached in this case."

Pacific and San Francisco (774), chargement de fruits séchés, consignés a la „Statens Lifsmedels Kommission" suédoise; bien que la „statistical evidence" fut aggravante, la cour des prises finit par admettre la destination de la cargaison a la consommation en Suède ; Batavier (1339), chargement de résine, destinée a la consommation en Hoüande ; Prins Willem I (1229), deux lots de café consignés a la N.O.T. [comp. § 496 et ss.].

Par contre, la Com de Londres a déclaré de bonne prise différents chargements saisis sur les vapeurs Oranje Nassau, Prins Frederik Hendrik, Nickerie and Orion (1229).

§ 495. Italië [von aussi § 500].

D'après la jurisprudence italienne, la preuve de la destination innocente de la cargaison doit être fournie par le propriétaire des marchandises, c.a.d., en thèse générale, par leur consignataire. Ce principe est maintenu également en ce qui concerne les envois a des ports ennemis et les envois a des ports neutres. Voir §§ 445 et 474. § 496. Souvent les discussions devant les juridictions des prises se sont concentrées sur le point de savon si la consignation de marchandises

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