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9»5

§ 553.

les mers de Chine et devaient chercher a se faire ravitailler en pétrole par de petits voiliers échappant a la surveillance des croisières alliées. Grande-Bretagne.

Thor navire neutre (norvégien) chargé de charbon et capturé le 9 septembre 1914, en .présence de trois charbonniers naviguant par allées et venues au sud-est de la Barbade, oü son subrécargue aUemand attendait des croiseurs aUemands.

„The supercargo ordered (the captain) first to the upper and then to the lower position, whüe there he steamed up and down as he was told. The supercargo got the first order from the office of the HamburgAmerika Linie ; the second came from a Hamburg-Amerika liner through the (s.s.) Neckar. Clearly these orders were the orders of the enemy Government; no one else could have fixed the position where cruisers would repair to get provisions and coal.... It becomes necessary to consider whether her behaviour amounted to unneutral service.... [voir aussi § 560].... I do not find the rule as enunciated [in art. 46, (2) and (3) of the déclaration of London], particularly clear.... But, just as the meaning of an impressionist picture is explained on reference to the catalogue, so the intention of paragraph (3) becomes obvious when you read the official commentary. This document expressly brings transports within the scope of the paragraph, and adds the words „Such is the position of colüers which accompany a hostile fleet". Counsel for the claimants, in a suprème effort, argued that you cannot accompany a hostüe fleet if there is no hostüe fleet to accompany ; but I think the of f ence Ues rather in the intention of the employment than in its literal früfüment. Moreover, in this particular case, I think the supercargo was placed on board by the enemy Government or by its agents the Hamburg-Amerika Line."

Dans le cas analogue du vapeur américain Lorenzo (10), la Cour royale de Sainte-Lucie a écarté expressément la question de savoir

„whether the service rendered, or sought to be rendered, amounted to a graver infraction of neutrahty than mere carriage of contraband. It is enough, for the purposes of this claim, that the whole cargo of the Lorenzo was contraband, in that it consisted of coal and provisions destined for the armed forces of the enemy."

Dans Paf faire Alwina (347), oü ü s'agissait d'un navbe neutre (néerlandais) qui était soupconné d'avob tenté, pendant un voyage a destination de Buenos Aires, d'approvisionner de houüle des croiseurs aUemands, la Cour de Londres a même expressément refusé d'appliquer a cette tentative la qualifica tion d'assistance hostile :

„In my view there is no evidence which would warrant the Court in finding that (the Alwina) came within either of the catégories specified

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