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§ 575.


29.1 have in other cases called attention to Lord StoweU's observations about the rigid enforcement of the rule (inter alid) „where the parties have not used all possible diligence to countermand the voyage after the first notice of hostilities" — The Hoop [1799].

Strictly, therefore, the ship itself, being the property employed in the illegal trade, is liable to confiscation — see The Odin [1799]; see also the cases where the American Courts have apphed the same principles, set out in Dana's edition of Wheaton, s. 311 et seq. — The Crown, in the case now before the Court, did not seize the vessel, or, at any rate, do not ask for its confiscation. But it follows from what I have said that there is no kind of ground for the claim for freight and other expenses, and they must be disallowed." § 576. La prohibition de „trading with the enemy" a également joué un certain röle dans la matière du transfert de propriété en temps de guerre [comp. aussi § 253]. Voir e.a. les décisions ci-après.

Barenfels, n°. 2 (112), marchandises vendues avant la guerre par une société allemande a une maison anglaise de Ceylan qui, toutefois, n'accepta la lettre de change tirée sur elle que le 11 aoüt 1914.

„I am satisf ied beyond a doubt that the transactions in this case bring it within the law of trading with the enemy . .. It has been suggested by the counsel for the claimants that, even if the acceptance is held to be & trading with the enemy, it would not prevent the passing of the property (vendue „documents against acceptance") .... But.... I may say that if I am right in deciding that this acceptance amounts to a trading with the enemy I have no hesitation in deciding that the contract completed by the Ulegal acceptance would be void as being against public policy and injurious to the State, and the contract being void the property in the goods would not pass."

Körber, n°. 2 (165), marchandises vendues „documents against acceptance" par une maison anglaise a Fouchao a une maison autrichienne étabhe a Vienne et a Trieste, et embarquées avant la guerre. Le 24 aoüt 1914, une maison de banque anglaise accepta pour son propre compte la lettre de change tirée sur eüe par la maison anglaise. La maison de banque anglaise demanda la relaxe des marchandises a son profit.

„The Procurator opposed the claim, and asked that the goods (should) be confiscated on the ground that (the British bankers) had no power to accept on theb own behalf, and that in reality they accepted on behalf of the alien enemy, and in so doing were trading with the enemy, and that therefore the goods should be confiscated."

La Cour des prises pour 1'Egypte, tout en admettant

„that (the bankers) had no power to accept on theb own behalf, as there was no contract or contemplated contract as regards the vesting of