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§ 628.

truction of the Order in Councü. The question as to what is sufficiënt to relieve a captor from paying damages in respect of a capture which is afterwards decided to be in fact wrongful, was very fiüTy considered in the case of The Ostsee. It was there held that, to exempt captors from costs and damages, there must be some circumstances connected with the ship or cargo affording reasonable ground for belief that the ship or cargo might prove a lawful prize. That case arose during the Crimean War, and the cases down to that date were very fully dealt with. The orüy'case which at all supports the contention put forward by the Crown in the present case is The Luna. There a neutral vessel proceeding to St. Sebastian, in Spain, which had at the time been for two years m the occupation of the French, was seized for aüeged breach of blockade by British captors who were in bona fide doubt whether or not an Order m Councü of Aprü 26,1809, declaring a blockade of „ports and places under the Government of France" extended to St. Sebastian so temporarüy in French occupation. Sir Wiüiam Scott held that it did not so extend, and decreed simple restitution, and he not only refused the claimants

costs and damages but gave the captors their expenses In The

Actaeon, five years later, Sü Wüliam Scott, without refernng to his f ormer décision in The Luna, which does not appear to have been quoted to him, laid down what seems to be a düferent rule (2 Eng. P.C., at p.

211; 2' Dodson, at p. 52) These cases are reviewed at length m

The'Ostsee, and it is said in the judgment that in The Luna Lord Stowell

must have feit that he was going to the very verge of the law If

the décision in The Luna proceeded entüely on the ground statedjn the judgment as reported, it is contrary not only to The Ostsee butvto the judgment of Lord Stowell himself in The Actaeon, and it cannot now be foüowed."

F. Réclamations du capitaine et de 1'équipage.

S 628. A cóté des propriétabes de navires et de chargements saisis, le capitaine et 1'équipage, notamment de navires détruits, ont intenté des actions en dommages-intérêts se rapportant, soit a la privation de leur emploi ou de leurs gages, soit a la perte de leurs effets personnels. Comme nous 1'avons dit déja plus haut, ces réclamations ont été rejetées :

par la jurisprudence allemande, toutes les fois que le navire avait été coulé dans des circonstances qui en justifiaient la saisie, alors même que celle-ci fut après coup déclarée ntdle [voir ci-dessus, § 603 et les jugements Semantha (444), réclamation ou capitaine „wegen seiner persönlichen Habe und entgangener Heuer" ; Cocos {357), „Anspruch des Kapitans wegen des Verlustes seiner Steüung als Führer des zerstörten Schiffes und der Mannschaft wegen ihrer