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PETERLOO

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one hundred and thirteen being women. Of the wounded more than a quarter were wounded by the sword. So bitter were the hatreds and suspicions of class, that wounded men and women did not dare to apply for parish reliëf!), or even go to hospital for treatment, for fear it should be discovered that they had received their wounds at Peterloo. A correspondent wrote to the fclome Office 2) to say that the woman from Eccles who had been killed was a dangerous character, for she had been heard to curse the curate. The magistrates, hussars, and yeomanry were thanked by the Government: Fitzwilliam was dismissed from his Lord Lieutenancy 3) for protesting at a great Yorkshire meeting; Hunt and three of his colleagues were sent toprison, Hunt for two years and a half, the others for a year. And Hunt, whose arrest was the nominal excuse for the violent onslaught, had actually offered to surrender himself to the authorities the night before.

The scène at Peterloo illustrates very vividly all the conditions of the time. The working people who met there were excluded from the rights of citizens: they were refused representation, education, liberty to combine in answer to the.combinations of their masters. The law existed solely for their repression and punishment. They were nowhere recognised as belonging to society, except in the sense in which his wheels and engines belonged to the owner of a mill4). Their leaders mad, in later tradition (as in the tragedy by Sophocles), and fought against the herds of the Greeks. On coming to himself he killed himself.

1. parish reliëf: help, especially in the form of money, from the overseer of the parish, i.e. the person charged with looking after the poor (Burgerlik Armbestuur).

2. The Home Office has some of the duties of our Ministerie van Binnenlandse Zaken, but it is also the ministry of criminal justice and of police.

3. The Lord Lieutenant of a county is the leader of the justices of the peace of the county; his office has düninished in importance together with that of the justices.

4. mill: building with machinery for manufacturing cotton goods. Originally such factories were driven by water-power: hence their name.

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