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18

CASTLEREAGH

necessarily one of two things by the law — a felonx) or a madman; and in either case no great subject for panegyric2). In his life he was — what all the world knows, and half of it will feel for years to cóme, unless his death prove a 'moral lesson' to the surviving Sejani8) of Europe. It may at least serve as some consolation to the nations that their oppressors are not happy, and in some instances judge so justly of their own actions, as to anticipate the sentence of mankind. Let us hear no more of this man; and let Ireland remove the ashes of her Grattan4) from the sanctuary of Westminster. Shall the patriot of humanity repose by the Werther of politics5)?

1. felon [felan]. In English law crimes are divided into two classes, felonies and misdemeanours (like our misdaden and misdrijven). A person guilty of a felony, the more serious kind, is a felon. A suïcide is called a felo de se ['felöudï'sf), a Latin phrase meaning a "criminal with respect to himself' and is looked upon by the law as a murderer.

2. panegyric [psenï'dzirïk]: speech in praise of someone.

3. Sejani: plural of Sejanus, chief of the pretorian guards of the Roman emperor Tiberius (14—37). Sejanus was accused of treason against the emperor and executed, in 31.

4. Henry Grattan, 1746—1820, one of the great orators of the old Irish House of Commons, who after the Union had been a member of the Parliament at Westminster. Grattan had been buried in the Abbey, which (this is what Byron means) is no longer a place for his ashes now that the statesman who contributed so much to the extinction of Ireland's parliamentary independence has also been laid to rest there.

5. Werther, the unfortunate hero of Goethe's novel, which for a while made suicide fashionable in Europe.

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