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LABOUR CONDITIONS

101

urged that such reforms should be left "entirely to the moral

IVtF^hTA6 m°St m0ral Pe°P'e on the face oTthe earth. When t had been proved hopeless to obtain a orohibition, Bennet introduced a bill to improve the condition Sf the

failed by the opposition of the Lords. Lord Eldon the Lord Chancellor objected to the bill because it contained the words 'female girl or woman.» The noble lord, to Xm the eSt worcnng of an Act of Parliament was more important than human life was not quite scrupulous in his assertion for the

ffie^hVtefnr*'y,e °r womaï'LÓrd Laï

Sous ffi L T"ar$ a" obJection that was considered so «?f ?h i -V* destr°yed any chance the bill might have hadIf the legislature attempted to lay down a moral code fo thé people, there was always a danger that everTfeeline of henï V^CehW0U^ ?C extirPated." I? Iasted Si 1872 before Lord Shaftesbury (about whom more in a moment) succeeded in pass ng a measure which put a stop to this outrage l a2h TTd 1uotation (b) shows that even a man like Charles Lamb, ai charming and refined writer, who was not lactónï in

SrSni^and tf ^ Utt!e Ckmne* "weepers'Souï •nfi ™. p ty and.the indignation which one would exoect rZ mrf °CC?l? in.Lamb's Essays of Elia (1823) P

ses were just then beginning to feel forthe chiS in tïë Sstrac't

h Jvh6 a°Uhth passaSe> fi"a»y. (d), is taken from Lord Shaftesseries by these same wnters. In this fragment we hear something

Lord ACiï?°n«WhiCh,PrecVailed in SKS^ÏÏtS nïï? ,Ashley. afterwards Earl of Shaftesbury, is one"of thé

n0i,1nftt0hlracters of that aSe- "e was a great practical philS!

Se^oSÏlS?^ °n than °ne °^aPsion in shakuTg C2?P,ac.e.n1°y and rousing the consciences of the aristocrarv and the middle class (the only classes who had anv nolitical

Tiï'Z™{3" th? Ref?rm Act of '832). He hlmse^belonï ed to the land-owning class and to the Tory partv As he advanced ,n hfe his religieus preoccupations (see ch XI) eot more and more the upp% hand in his mind, and it" may te

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