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the report of 1842


mind, in the whole course of my life as I have been by your speech." Graham >), declaring that he had never heard a statement more clearly convincing in itself, assured Ashley "that Her Majesty's Government would render him every assistance in carrying on the measure."

j. l. hammond and barbara hammond, Lord Shaftesbury.

London Constable. 1923.

In the House of Lords, which contained many owners of coalnunes there was much opposition to the Bill. As the Lords did not dare to throw out the Bill, they 'amended' it. The age Trant tor boys was fixed at ten, and parish apprentices were not to afrie b,?y<)nd eiêhteen; bu* «ie exclusion of women and gins from the mines was maintained. In July, 1842 the Bill was passed; it was the first of many factory acts which gradually built up a complete system of government regulation of all branches of mdustry. But this result belongs to later times.


A lawgiver who, from tenderness for labouring men, fixes the hours of their work and the amount of their wages, is certain to make them far more wretched than he found them.

Comic Dramatists of the Restoration (Edinburgh Review, January 1841).

L Graham was the Home Secretary.