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SHAFTESBURY

ance; and for the view that religion was not necessarily a melancholy exercise, a special satisfaction in an atmosphere of gloom that was sometimes sanctimonious rather than reverent. Finally they concentrated their attention on those aspects of religion that are associated with its taboos and inhibitionsl), holding them of equal consequence with the spirit in which man kneels before the mystery of the government of the world. In all this the Evangelical revival followed the general law of religious revolts, limiting issues in order to make them more intense, and seizing on particular details of behaviour or ceremonial, as giving the clue not merely to a man's character but to his capacity for religious truth.

The most dramatic achievement of this revival was the Victorian Sunday. When the old Chartist's daughter in Meredith's poem *) wanted to urge decorum and respectability^ on her troublesome parent, she told him to wear a Sunday face. The phrase aptly describes the Evangelical movement. Sunday is connected with two things, neither of which is melancholy to a normal society: one is religion, the other rest or holiday. The Greeks were not made miserable by their religion, so long as their politics were stable, vigorous and self-possessed. We cannot associate unhappiness with the beauty and the colour of the great cathedrals, nor with the grace and dignity of the

1. taboo is usually applied to the prohibitions on religious grounds that are found among savages.

2. The reference is to Meredith's poem The Old Chartist, but it is not the daughter who uses the expression:

And that's what my fine daughter said:—she meant: Pray, hold your tongue, and wear a Sunday face. The old man, who has returned from transportation, clearly uses it sarcastically.

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