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Milton in Holland

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Holland in favour of the English Parliamentarians and their teachings to make such a warning necessary. * The pamphlet itself is a historical investigation of the rights of King and Parliament in England, ia, which English authors, such as Selden, Thomas Smith, Hayward, Raleigh, John Speed, Camden, are freely cited and quoted, thus accidentally showing that the author understood English. It goes without saying that the cause of the King comes off best; in bis opinion people who are in favour of Parliament are led more by their hearts than by their reason.2 A third pamphlet is supposed to have been written by Graswinkel.8 It is in Latin and entitled: Elenchvs motvvm nuperorvm in Anglia; simul ac Joris Regii et Parlementarii Brevis Enarratio, and appeared at Frankfort in 1650. In the preface the author, who signed himself Theodorvs Veridicvs, boasts that he is perfectly qualified for the work he undertakes and has even been admitted "on the proscenium and behind the scènes" in order to investigate English affairs the better, which, if true, certainly does not apply to Graswinkel. * This again is a vehement attack on the Parliamentarians, 6 but, as the name of Milton is not men-

yver als kennisse inghekomen zijnde, haer voor-oordeel soo veel krachts gheven, dat sy oock andere met haer schadeljjck ghevoelen besmettende, in de selve dwalinge trecken, ende de gruwelen die, Godt betert, in dese saecke ontstaen zijn, voeden ende smaekehjck maecken, tot sujvinge van de wederspannighe tumelgheesten, ende uyt-roeyinge van alle gherechtigheden, ende ghestabilieerde Regeeringhen."

1 cf. p. 41ff. — 8 p. 80: „Dit sal ick daer by doen: Dat soo dit schrift in druck koomt, dat daer mogelijk yemant op sal willen stfn seggen hebben, sonderling van die genen die 't Parlement de boven hand pogen te kénnen; hoe wel (naar myn oordeel) meer door de drift van de genegentheydt, als door eenige kracht van recht of reden." — * Knuttel says in the New Ned. Biogr. Woordenboek, III, sub Graswinkel: „Niet onwaarschijnlijk is hij de schrijver van Elenchus etc." — 4 „In utrisque loquor, non raodö ex Fide, sed & familiari Rerum Consuetudine. Illis attestantur Archiva, Rotulaeq; Pariamentariae, & optuna Jurisconsultorum Monumenta. Haec ut meliüs perspicerem, saepe in proscenium, & post siparium admissus sum; eadèmq; quin verè referam, nulla impedit animi aegritudo, vel Horum gratia, vel Illorum odium. Solonianae Legi obnoxius esse malui, quam Civilibus Incendiis frigidam suffundere." — 8 As an illustration of the spirit in which it is written I quote what is said of Cromwell, on p. 51:

„Huic (Thom. Fairfax), Hypo-Strategi titulo, Moderatoris verö in locum, adjungebatur Cromweüius, qui decocto ad assem poenè (sic), nee praelargo patrimonio, resarciendis fortunis novam instituit ex Religione mercaturam, Schismaticorum se turbis ingerens Antesignanum & Propugnatorem, atque