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The expositor's Greek Testament

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Kaöapos iyo) diro tou vuv ets t& eörr) iropeuaojxai. 7. Kal ^CTaffós €k€i0ev rjX0€v cis olkiav tik09 ó^<5|iatt 'Iouctou,1 o-ePofji^ou tov 6eóv,

ou rj oiKia rjk auvojjiopoGo'a rrj owaywyTj. 8.2 Kptcriros Be ó <£pxiauvaytoyos cmaTcuac tw Kupuo adv oXw tw oikw auTou • Kal iroXXol

1 B*D2, Syr. H.; Tisch., W.H., Weiss, Wendt have Titiov I. ^E, Vuig., Boh., Arm. have Ttrov l.v so R.V. Instead of ckciOcv D* 137, Flor. read airo tov AkvXo, not Blass in p, but Hilg.; see Corssen, u. s., p. 428.

a For doublets in D in this verse, so in Flor., Blass in 0, see Harris, Fout Lectures, etc., p. 60.

generally to oppose, to resist. Ramsay renders 44 and when they began to form a faction against him," but cf. Rom. xiii. 2, James iv. 6, v. 6, 1 Pet. v. 5, Prov. iii. 34.—fi\acr<{>., cf. xiii. 45, or it may be used generally as in xix. 9, and 2 Peter ii. 2.—*ieriva§., cf. xiii. 51, note; cf. Matt. x. 14, and LXX, Neh. v. 13, 44 undoubtedly a very exasperating gesture," Ramsay, St. Paul, p. 256; but we must remember that the opposition at Corinth seems to have been unusally great, as Ramsay himself points out, u. s., pp. 143, 256.—to aljxa vptwv, cf. xx. 26, Hebraistic, cf., e.g., Matt. xxvii. 25, and in LXX, Lev. xx. 16, 2 Sam. i. 16, 1 Kings ii. 37, Ezek. iii. 18, etc., i.e.y iXOéroi, Matt. xxiii. 35. Both here and in xx. 26 we can scarcely doubt that St. Paul had in mind the words of the prophet, Ezek. xxxiii. 6.—4-irl ttjv K€<f>., i.e., upon yourselves, the head being used for the person—for other ideas of the word see Wendt (1888), in loco. De Wette interprets of moral ruin, and others of the eternal airwXcta, but we cannot refine so much upon a figurative phrase. In w. 5b and 6 Spitta and Jüngst see the hand of a Reviser, the former holding that the whole passage runs smoothly with these omissions, whilst Jüngst ascribes also the word ck€Ï0€v, ver. 7, to the Reviser. According to Clemen, 4 and 5b, the preaching in the synagogue belongs to Redactor Judaicus, the Jewish persecution in ver. 6 to the Redactor Antijudaicus. Hilgenfeld agrees with Spitta in so far that he ascribes 5b and 6b to 44 the author to Theophilus —Kaöapos iytb : scarcely enough to say 441 am pure," have discharged my duty with a clear conscience, cf. xx. 26, the same idea here, better to punctuate at eyw, but see Blass, in loco. —onró tov vvv : from henceforth, i.e., so far as he is concerned. It is evident that the words did not apply to other places, for in xix. 8 St. Paul goes to the synagogue according to his wont. The phrase

is found five times in St. Luke's Gospel, but only here in Acts. It is used once elsewhere in N.T, and there by St. Paul, 2 Cor. v. 16 (cf. John viii. 11). See Friedrich, p. 16, and Hawkins, Hora Synoptica, p. 29.

Ver. 7. pcTafSas ^kcIOcv, i.e.t from the synagogue, cf. Luke x. 7, 44 he removed," Rendall; 44 he changed his place from the synagogueRamsay: the verb is found three times with £k«I0€v in St. Matthew, and in each place 44 departed " R.V., this gives perfectly good sense: cf. Ramsay, Church in the Roman Empire, p. 158, and critical note.—'lovertov : if the addition Titov or TitCov is correct, there is no need to discuss the possible identification with the companion of St. Paul in Gal. ii. 1, etc.; see Alford and Page, in loco, and critical note. The identification was adopted by Chrysostom and Grotius, and for a statement of the evidence on either side see Plumptre, in loco. It should be remembered that we have Barsabbas Justus, i. 23, and Jesus Justus, Col. iv. 11, see also Lightfoot 44 Acts of the Apostles," B.D.2, i., 32. The house of a proselyte may have been chosen because it offered easy access to those who wished to come, whether Greeks or Hebrews (see Chrysostom's comment), but in Paul's thus going into the house of a proselyte hard by the synagogue we may see how his spirit had been stirred. But further: this Titus Justus was evidently a Roman citizen, one of the coloni in Corinth, and thus St. Paul would gain access through him to the more educated class in the city, Ramsay, St. Paul, p. 256, and "Corinth," Hastings' B.D., i. 480.— grvvo|xopov0*a: there is no need to suppose that he left his lodgings with Aquila —this house became Paul's place ol meeting (so in Ephesus, cf. xix. 9, \o\; he had his own synagogue there (Blass); in classics simple verb ó}iop€(i>, ófiovpcto; compound only found here; <ruv4jiopost Eccl. writers.