3) An originally short vowel followed by a voiced consonant, when the length of the consonant is given to the vowel, see § 6.
cad. man. god.
JNote. A short i or u never undergoes this lengthening.
4) The e of the word yes, though the consonant that follows is voiceless (sharp) and not voiced (soft) as in § 6.
All the other vowels are short, or have become diphthongs (see § 4.)
§ 8. The regular short sound of the vowels is as follows:
that of a as in cat.
„ ,, e „ ,, set.
,, i « s't-
„ o „ „ not.
,, u ,, „ cut.
Observe. 1) that e of set is different from Dutch
e in ik zet.
2) that i of sit is different from Dutch
i in ik zit.
3) that o of not is the same before an
m or an n as before d, t, etc.
from, on, with the same o sound as not. See § 1.