The above-mentioned goods are contraband goods when the destination of the vessel is either the enemy's Heet at sea or a hostile port used exclusively or mainly for naval or military ecuipment.
When it is clearly known that, though goods detailed in the above sections (1) and (2) are found on board a vessel, they are merely for her own use, they cannot be deemed contraband goods.
Art. 11. The powers of visit, search or detention, cannot be exercised in the territorial waters of a neutral state.
Art. 12. In exercising the rights of visit and search the commander should adhere to the following mies:
(1) The commander should not exercise the right of visit over any vessel when he has reason to believe that she is not liable to detention.
(2) Stopping should be ordered by signal tlags or the fog horn. If the state of the weather renders the above course ineffective, or if the vessel does not obey the order, the commander should give warning by firing successively two blank shots.
(3) The visiting offlcer should first examine the ship's papers. If he is satisfied that the vessel is not liable to detention he should immediately quit her.
(4) If not so satisfied he should proceed to search her, but if, in the course of search, the visiting offlcer is satisfied that the vessel is not liable to detention the search should immediately be discontinued and he should quit her.
(5) During the search the visiting offlcer should accompany the master or his substitute.
(6) The visiting offlcer should ask the master or his substitute to open any lockers, stores or boxes. In case of refusal, he will be justified in adopting such coercive measures as the case requires.
(7) Before quitting the vessel, the visiting offlcer should enter in the log-book of the vessel a memorandum of the search.
(8) If the ship's master refuse to allow his ship to be visited and searched, a note of it shall be put in the log-book.
Art. 13. If upon visit and search of the vessel the commander has reason to entertain any suspicion, he should give the master an opportunity of explanation, and if, after such opportunity having been given, he is satisfied that there is proper evidence against her, amounting to probable cause for her detention, he should detain her.
) Dit „etc." is curieus en zet de deur wijd open voor misbruiken.