In this case the commander should cause a survey thereof to be made by the offlcers of his ship tlie best qualified for the duty, and the surveying offlcers should report in writing the details of the matter to the commander, and the commander should forward the report to the prize court.
When the commander causes the cargo to be sold, the affidavit may be in form N°. 4. In other cases, in which the detained vessel is brought to the nearest port, the affidavit may be in form N°. 5.
In the above-mentioned case, if the vessel is not an enemy's vessel, the commander should release the vessel after confiscation of the contraband goods.
Art. 21. The sale may be made in any neutral port where the local authorities may be willing to allow the sale to take place.
Art. 22. If the enemy's vessels are unfit to be sent to a port as stated in Art. 18, the commander should break up the vessels, after taking the crew, the ship's papers and the cargo if possible into his ship. The crew, the ship's papers and the cargo should be sent to a port as stated in Art. 18.
Art. 28. When a commander of a neutral convoy declares that there is no contraband on board the vessels under the convoy, and that all the papers are in order in these vessels, the vessels should not be visited.
Art. 24. Regarding the supply of the crew of the detained ship, the minister of the naval department will give special instructions.
Art. 25. The commander who makes the capture should forward the reports to the admiral-in-chief and the naval minister.
Art. 26. The following are ship's papers:
(1) The certificate of registry—is a document signed by the register of the port to which the vessel belongs, and usually specifies inter alia the name of the vessel and of the port to which she belongs: her tonnage, etc.: the name of her master: particulars as to her origin: the names and descriptions of her registered owners.
(2) The passport—purports to be a requisition on the part of a sovereign power or state to sulfer the vessel to pass freely with her company, passengers, goods and merchandise, without any hindrance, seizure or molestation, as being owned by citizens or subjects of such state. It usually contains the name and residence of the master, the name, description and destination of the vessel.
(8) The sea-letter, or sea-brief—is is3ued by the civil authorities of the port from which the vessel is fitted out: it is the