The following directions are given, subject to any special treaty stipulations: After fïring a blank charge, and causing the vessel to lie to, the cruiser should send a small boat, no langer than a whale boat, with an offlcertoconductthesearch. There may be arms in the boat, but the men should not wear them on their persons. The offlcer, wearing only his side arms, and accompanied on board by not more than two men of his boat's crew, unarmed, should first examine the vessel's papers to ascertain her nationality and her ports of doparture and destination. If she is neutral, and trading between neutral ports, the examination goes no further. If she is neutral, and bound to an enemy's port not blockaded, the papers which indicate the character of her cargo should be examined. If these show contraband of war the vessel should be seized; if not, she should be set free, unless, by reason of strong grounds of suspicion, a further search should seem to be requisite.
§ 14. Irrespective of the character of the cargo, or her purported destination, a neutral vessel should be seized if she —
1. Attempts to avoid search by escape; but this must be clearly evident.
2. Resists search with violence.
8. Presents fraudulent papers.
4. Is not supplied with the necessary papars to establish the objects of search.
5. Destroys, defaces, or conceals papers.
The papers generally to be expected on board of a vessel are:
1. The register.
2. The crew list.
8. The log book.
4. A bill of health.
5. A charter party.
7. Bills of lading.
§ 15. A neutral vessel carrying hostile dispatches, when sailing as a dispatch vessel practically in the service of the enemy, is liable to seizure; but not when she is a mail packet and carries them in the regular and customary manner, either as a part of the mail in her mail bags, or separately, as a matter of accommodation and without special arrangement or remuneration. The voyages of mail steamers are not to be interfered with except on the clearest grounds of suspicion of a violation of law in respect of contraband or blockade.
§ 16. A neutral vessel in the service of the enemy, in the transportation of troops or military persons, is liable to seizure.